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ERIC Number: EJ808594
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9924
Perturbation and Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Acoustic Phonatory Signal in Parkinsonian Patients Receiving Deep Brain Stimulation
Lee, Victoria S.; Zhou, Xiao Ping; Rahn, Douglas A., III; Wang, Emily Q.; Jiang, Jack J.
Journal of Communication Disorders, v41 n6 p485-500 Nov-Dec 2008
Nineteen PD patients who received deep brain stimulation (DBS), 10 non-surgical (control) PD patients, and 11 non-pathologic age- and gender-matched subjects performed sustained vowel phonations. The following acoustic measures were obtained on the sustained vowel phonations: correlation dimension (D[subscript 2]), percent jitter, percent shimmer, SNR, F[subscript 0], vF[subscript 0], and vAm. The results indicated the following: The mean D[subscript 2] of control PD patients was significantly higher than the mean D[subscript 2] of non-pathologic subjects and patients who received deep brain stimulation. These results suggest an improvement in PD voice in treated patients. Many PD vocal samples in this study have type 2 signals containing subharmonics that may not be suitable for perturbation analysis but are suitable for nonlinear dynamic analysis, making the D[subscript 2] results more reliable. These findings show that DBS may provide measurable improvement in patients with severe vocal impairment. Learning outcomes: Readers will be able to: (1) identify the advantages of nonlinear dynamic analysis as a clinical tool to evaluate the aperiodic voice commonly found in patients with Parkinson's disease, (2) describe in general the method of obtaining a correlation dimension measure from a voice sample and the significance of this measure in terms of specific voice signal properties, (3) consider the preliminary implications from nonlinear dynamic analysis of a positive DBS effect on Parkinsonian voice and the potential for further investigations using nonlinear dynamic analysis on the influence of gender, severity of disease, and combined treatments on Parkinsonian voice improvement. (Contains 3 figures and 5 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A