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Jonkmann, Kathrin; Becker, Michael; Marsh, Herbert W.; Ludtke, Oliver; Trautwein, Ulrich – Learning and Individual Differences, 2012
Equally able students have lower academic self-concepts in high-achieving classrooms than in low-achieving classrooms. This highly general and robust frame of reference effect is widely known as the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect (BFLPE; Marsh, 1987). This study contributes to research aiming to identify moderators of the BFLPE by investigating the…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Self Concept, Animals, Personality Problems
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Zhang, Li-fang – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
This study explores how psychosocial development and personality traits are related. In particular, the study investigates the predictive power of the successful resolution of the Eriksonian psychosocial crises for the Big Five personality traits beyond age and gender. Four hundred university students in mainland China responded to the Measures of…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Individual Development, Foreign Countries, Personality
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De Feyter, Tim; Caers, Ralf; Vigna, Claudia; Berings, Dries – Learning and Individual Differences, 2012
The main purpose of this study is to unravel the impact of the Big Five personality factors on academic performance. We propose a theoretical model with conditional indirect effects of the Big Five personality factors on academic performance through their impact upon academic motivation. To clarify the mixed results of previous studies concerning…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Self Efficacy, Academic Achievement, Student Motivation
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Rosander, Pia; Backstrom, Martin; Stenberg, Georg – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent to which personality traits, after controlling for general intelligence, predict academic performance in different school subjects. Upper secondary school students in Sweden (N=315) completed the Wonderlic IQ test (Wonderlic, 1992) and the IPIP-NEO-PI test (Goldberg, 1999). A series of…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Intelligence, Structural Equation Models, Academic Achievement
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Wicherts, Jelte M.; Vorst, Harrie C. M. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2010
The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate differences in interests, personality, and cognitive abilities between students majoring in the six specialties of psychology at the University of Amsterdam. Results show that students at Social Psychology and Work and Organizational Psychology were on average more extraverted than students of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Interests, Personality Traits, Social Psychology
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Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Ahmetoglu, Gorkan; Furnham, Adrian – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
This study attempted a hierarchical integration of several dispositional determinants of test anxiety (TA) [Sarason, I.G. (1984). "Stress, anxiety and cognitive interference: Reactions to tests." "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology," 46, 929-938.], namely the Big Five personality traits [Costa, P.T. Jr., & McCrae,…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Individual Differences, Psychological Evaluation, Structural Equation Models