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Wolpe, Joseph – American Psychologist, 1981
That psychoanalytic theory has not been displaced by the behavioral theory of neurosis is remarkable in view of the persuasive evidence that exists for the efficacy of behavior therapy. One reason for this seems to be the persistence of widespread misperceptions of behavior therapy. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Theories, Clinical Psychology, Mental Health
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Jungk, Robert – Futurist, 1984
When a form of high technology becomes obsolete, many people acquire a fear and distrust of the future--a neurosis called the ruins complex. But humanity can respond positively to the ghosts of dead technology and invent a hopeful future. (Author/RM)
Descriptors: Futures (of Society), Humanism, Prediction, Social Change
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Bakker, Nelleke – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2006
In the Netherlands, as in the United States, the introduction of the concept of "mental health" in education is closely related to the development of a network of child guidance clinics. The first of these was established in Amsterdam in 1928. However, a substantial movement to actively promote mental health did not come into existence…
Descriptors: Guidance, Mental Health, Foreign Countries, Clinics
Ferullo, Robert J. – USA Today, 1979
Excessive television viewing in the formative years can complicate, if not paralyze, children's psychological development and educational achievement. It distorts their perceptions of reality and it causes them to be overactive, overanxious, and inattentive. (Author/SJL)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Case Studies, Childhood Attitudes, Elementary Education
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Tavernier-Courbin, Jacqueline – Journal of General Education, 1978
Analyzes the psychological aspects of Ernest Hemingway's inability to accept old age as symptomatic of his neurotic quest for power, which is seen in his drive to excel in pursuits which he thought important, and to take his life when he realized that he was past the peak of his powers. (MB)
Descriptors: American Culture, Authors, Individual Power, Literary Analysis
Newcombe, Nora; Lerner, Jeffrey C. – 1979
John Bowlby's theory of attachment is examined in the cultural and historical context in which it was developed. Bowlby trained as a psychiatrist in England during the 1920's and published the WHO report in 1951. Thus the origins of his theory can be related to events set in motion by the First World War and occurring during the interwar period…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Cultural Context, Death, Depression (Psychology)
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Walshe, R. D. – English in Australia, 1980
Advocates teachers' use of personal writing for both personal and professional well being. (RL)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Change Strategies, Individual Development, Personal Writing
Micham, Dennis L. – 1983
Meaningful use of language involves intending to have an effect and intending the audience to recognize that aim. In a Freudian modification of this premise, allowing for different levels of intentional awareness, writing can be discussed in terms of how writers intend to affect readers, as well as how aware they are themselves of their intentions…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Language Usage
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Greenberg, Roger P. – American Psychologist, 2010
Fox and his colleagues (May-June 2009) listed three occurrences beginning in the 1980s that have dampened psychologists' desires to procure the right to prescribe psychotropic medications. That research review highlighted the fact that antidepressants produce a very modest effect at best when compared with placebos. I briefly summarize here some…
Descriptors: Psychologists, Drug Therapy, Depression (Psychology), Neurosis
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Ellenbogen, Mark A.; Ostiguy, Caroline S.; Hodgins, Sheilagh – American Psychologist, 2010
The article by Lahey (May-June 2009) provided a timely and important review of a growing body of evidence linking the personality trait of neuroticism to a host of health and psychosocial outcomes with public health significance. Lahey (2009) highlighted the links between high neuroticism and mental health, physical health, and quality of life and…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Public Health, Quality of Life, Physical Health
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Muris, Peter; Ollendick, Thomas H. – Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2005
A substantial proportion of children and adolescents come to suffer from psychological disorders. This article focuses on the temperament factors that are involved in the pathogenesis of child psychopathology. It is argued that besides the reactive temperament factor of emotionality/neuroticism, the regulative process of effortful control also…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Etiology, Psychopathology, Adolescents
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Tarter, Ralph E. – Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1988
Research suggests predisposition toward alcoholism and drug abuse by inherited behavioral propensities or temperaments which, through interaction with the physical and social environments, shape the development of the personality. Certain personality characteristics, specifically antisocial and neurotic traits, are also linked with the risk for…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Disorders, Drug Abuse
Howard-Vital, Michelle R. – 1993
This paper considers how to determine leadership characteristics when selection committees conduct a search for a college or university president. It is based on the premise that specific psychological orientations, levels of consciousness, and motivations conducive to successful leadership in higher education can be identified. Search Committees…
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Evaluation, Administrator Qualifications, Administrator Selection
Horsman, Jenny – 1999
Based on research with literacy learners, instructors, and practicing therapists, this book re-examines learning through a lens focused on the prevalence of and effects of violence in women's lives. Section 1, "Canaries in the Mine," highlights a shift away from seeing those who have experienced violence as damaged and towards…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Students, Anxiety