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Fahlman, Shelley A.; Mercer-Lynn, Kimberley B.; Flora, David B.; Eastwood, John D. – Assessment, 2013
This article describes the development and validation of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale (MSBS)--the first and only full-scale measure of state boredom. It was developed based on a theoretically and empirically grounded definition of boredom. A five-factor structure of the scale (Disengagement, High Arousal, Low Arousal, Inattention, and…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Psychological Patterns, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Phillips, Walter M. – Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1980
The Purpose in Life (PIL) measures more than absence of depression and internalized perceived locus of psychological reinforcement. Depressed external individuals are more identifiable from their existential malaise or emptyness. The experience of reinforcement for being in the world is beyond their control. (Author)
Descriptors: Conflict Resolution, Depression (Psychology), Locus of Control, Measures (Individuals)