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Showing 1 to 15 of 21 results Save | Export
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Yates, Luke; Hobson, Hannah – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2020
The mirror neuron system has been argued to be a key brain system responsible for action understanding and imitation. Subsequently, mirror neuron system dysfunction has therefore been proposed to explain the social deficits manifested within autism spectrum condition, an approach referred to as the broken mirror hypothesis. Despite excitement…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Organization, Neurological Impairments
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Fan, Yang-Teng; Decety, Jean; Yang, Chia-Yen; Liu, Ji-Lin; Cheng, Yawei – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2010
Background: The "broken mirror" theory of autism, which proposes that a dysfunction of the human mirror neuron system (MNS) is responsible for the core social and cognitive deficits in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), has received considerable attention despite weak empirical evidence. Methods: In this electroencephalographic…
Descriptors: Research Needs, Observation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Fründt, Odette; Schulz, Robert; Schöttle, Daniel; Cheng, Bastian; Thomalla, Götz; Braaß, Hanna; Ganos, Christos; David, Nicole; Peiker, Ina; Engel, Andreas K.; Bäumer, Tobias; Münchau, Alexander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Mirror neuron system (MNS) dysfunctions might underlie deficits in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Diffusion tensor imaging based probabilistic tractography was conducted in 15 adult ASD patients and 13 matched, healthy controls. Fractional anisotropy (FA) was quantified to assess group differences in tract-related white matter microstructure of…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Gowen, E.; Stanley, J.; Miall, R. C. – Neuropsychologia, 2008
Movement interference occurs when concurrently observing and executing incompatible actions and is believed to be due to co-activation of conflicting populations of mirror neurons. It has also been suggested that mirror neurons contribute towards the imitation of observed actions. However, the exact neural substrate of imitation may depend on task…
Descriptors: Autism, Imitation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Schunke, Odette; Schöttle, Daniel; Vettorazzi, Eik; Brandt, Valerie; Kahl, Ursula; Bäumer, Tobias; Ganos, Christos; David, Nicole; Peiker, Ina; Engel, Andreas K; Brass, Marcel; Münchau, Alexander – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
Dysfunctions of the human mirror neuron system have been postulated to underlie some deficits in autism spectrum disorders including poor imitative performance and impaired social skills. Using three reaction time experiments addressing mirror neuron system functions under simple and complex conditions, we examined 20 adult autism spectrum…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Control Groups
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Gordon, Andrew; Geddert, Raphael; Hogeveen, Jeremy; Krug, Marie K.; Obhi, Sukhvinder; Solomon, Marjorie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Research has observed evidence for both "hypo"-(supposedly due to a broken mirror neuron system) and "hyper"-(thought to be the result of deficits in adaptive control) imitation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This work sought to adjudicate between these findings using an automatic imitation (AI) paradigm with the novel…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Imitation, Neurological Impairments
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Lepage, Jean-Francois; Theoret, Hugo – Developmental Science, 2007
In the adult human brain, the presence of a system matching the observation and the execution of actions is well established. This mechanism is thought to rely primarily on the contribution of so-called "mirror neurons", cells that are active when a specific gesture is executed as well as when it is seen or heard. Despite the wealth of evidence…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Nonverbal Communication, Infants
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Le Bel, Ronald M.; Pineda, Jaime A.; Sharma, Anu – Journal of Communication Disorders, 2009
The mirror neuron system (MNS) is a trimodal system composed of neuronal populations that respond to motor, visual, and auditory stimulation, such as when an action is performed, observed, heard or read about. In humans, the MNS has been identified using neuroimaging techniques (such as fMRI and mu suppression in the EEG). It reflects an…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Brain, Role, Communication Disorders
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Oberman, Lindsay M.; Ramachandran, Vilayanur S.; Pineda, Jaime A. – Neuropsychologia, 2008
In an early description of the mu rhythm, Gastaut and Bert [Gastaut, H. J., & Bert, J. (1954). EEG changes during cinematographic presentation. "Clinical Neurophysiology", 6, 433-444] noted that it was blocked when an individual identified himself with an active person on the screen, suggesting that it may be modulated by the degree to which the…
Descriptors: Responses, Autism, Familiarity, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Oberman, Lindsay M.; Ramachandran, Vilayanur S. – Psychological Bulletin, 2007
The mechanism by which humans perceive others differs greatly from how humans perceive inanimate objects. Unlike inanimate objects, humans have the distinct property of being "like me" in the eyes of the observer. This allows us to use the same systems that process knowledge about self-performed actions, self-conceived thoughts, and…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Interpersonal Competence, Neurological Organization
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Schroeder, Jessica H.; Desrocher, Mary; Bebko, James M.; Cappadocia, M. Catherine – Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2010
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are complex neurological disorders characterized by heterogeneity in skills and impairments. A variety of models have been developed to describe the disorders and a wide range of brain processes have been implicated. This review attempts to integrate some of the consistent neurological findings in the research with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Hamilton, Antonia F. de C.; Brindley, Rachel M.; Frith, Uta – Neuropsychologia, 2007
The motor mirror neuron system supports imitation and goal understanding in typical adults. Recently, it has been proposed that a deficit in this mirror neuron system might contribute to poor imitation performance in children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and might be a cause of poor social abilities in these children. We aimed to test…
Descriptors: Imitation, Nonverbal Communication, Recognition (Psychology), Theory of Mind
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Bernier, Raphael; Aaronson, Benjamin; McPartland, James – Brain and Cognition, 2013
Dysfunction in an execution/observation matching system, or mirror neuron system, has been proposed to contribute to the social deficits observed in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Atypical activity in this system, as reflected in attenuation of the EEG mu rhythm, has been demonstrated in several studies; however, normative patterns of activity…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Observation, Imitation
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Goh, Suzanne; Peterson, Bradley S. – Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2012
Aim: The aim of this article is to review neuroimaging studies of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) that examine declarative, socio-emotional, and procedural learning and memory systems. Method: We conducted a search of PubMed from 1996 to 2010 using the terms "autism,""learning,""memory," and "neuroimaging." We limited our review to studies…
Descriptors: Evidence, Autism, Memory, Disabilities
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Mitrani, Judith – Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 2010
This paper offers an integrative approach to the increasingly complex puzzle of autistic spectrum disorders. The author demonstrates how the work of one group of neuroscientists in Parma, on a special class of brain cells called "mirror neurons", and the work of researchers at the University of California in San Diego, applying these…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Psychiatry
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