ERIC Number: EJ685444
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Dec
Reference Count: 55
Neuroscience, Education and Special Education
British Journal of Special Education, v31 n4 p175-183 Dec 2004
The discipline of neuroscience draws from the fields of neurology, psychology, physiology and biology, but is best understood in the wider world as brain science. Of particular interest for education is the development of techniques for imaging the brain as it performs different cognitive functions. Cognitive neuroimaging has already led to advances in understanding some of the basic functions involved in learning and raised implications for education and special education in particular. For example, neuroimaging has enabled scientists to study the very complex processes underpinning speech and language, thinking and reasoning, reading and mathematics. In this article, Professor Usha Goswami of the University of Cambridge Faculty of Education first reviews basic information on brain development. She provides a brief introduction to the tools used in neuroimaging then considers recent findings from neuroscience that seem relevant to educational questions. Professor Goswami uses this review to suggest particular ways in which neuroscience research could inform special education. In its closing sections, this article provides authoritative perspectives on some of the neuromyths that seem to have taken root in the popular imagination and argues for increased dialogue, in the future, between the disciplines of neuroscience and education.
Descriptors: Neurology, Special Education, Physiology, Brain, Cognitive Processes, Neurological Organization
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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