ERIC Number: EJ744544
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Clinical Diagnostic and Sociocultural Dimensions of Deliberate Self-Harm in Mumbai, India
Parkar, Shubhangi R.; Dawani, Varsha; Weiss, Mitchell G.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v36 n2 p223-238 Apr 2006
Patients' accounts complement psychiatric assessment of deliberate self-harm (DSH). In this study we examined psychiatric disorders, and sociocultural and cross-cultural features of DSH. SCID diagnostic interviews and a locally adapted EMIC interview were used to study 196 patients after DSH at a general hospital in Mumbai, India. Major depression was the most common diagnosis (38.8%), followed by substance use disorders (16.8%), but 44.4% of patients did not meet criteria for an enduring Axis-I disorder (no diagnosis, V-code, or adjustment disorder). Psychache arising from patient-identified sociocultural contexts and stressors complements, but does not necessarily fulfill, criteria for explanatory psychiatric disorders.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Clinical Diagnosis, Self Destructive Behavior, Psychiatry, Mental Disorders, Interviews, Patients, Depression (Psychology), Substance Abuse, Cultural Influences, Social Influences, At Risk Persons, Psychological Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India