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ERIC Number: EJ939820
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0034-3552
Gender Effect According to Item Directionality on the Perceived Stress Scale for Adults with Multiple Sclerosis
Gitchel, W. Dent; Roessler, Richard T.; Turner, Ronna C.
Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, v55 n1 p20-28 Oct 2011
Assessment is critical to rehabilitation practice and research, and self-reports are a commonly used form of assessment. This study examines a gender effect according to item wording on the "Perceived Stress Scale" for adults with multiple sclerosis. Past studies have demonstrated two-factor solutions on this scale and other scales measuring stress-related constructs with factor loadings being determined by item wording. Moreover, women have typically scored higher on these measured constructs. However, a literature review reveals that this gender difference often manifests only on the factor composed of negatively worded items. This study extends this line of research by examining gender differences on the "Perceived Stress Scale" on the negatively worded items at both the item and bundle levels after controlling for responses on the positively worded items. Implications of this study on the field of rehabilitation are discussed. (Contains 3 tables.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A