ERIC Number: EJ1106549
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Overlapping Phenotypes in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Developmental Coordination Disorder: A Cross-Syndrome Comparison of Motor and Social Skills
Sumner, Emma; Leonard, Hayley C.; Hill, Elisabeth L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v46 n8 p2609-2620 Aug 2016
Motor and social difficulties are often found in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), to varying degrees. This study investigated the extent of overlap of these problems in children aged 7-10 years who had a diagnosis of either ASD or DCD, compared to typically-developing controls. Children completed motor and face processing assessments. Parents completed questionnaires concerning their child's early motor and current motor and social skills. There was considerable overlap between the ASD and DCD groups on the motor and social assessments, with both groups more impaired than controls. Furthermore, motor skill predicted social functioning for both groups. Future research should consider the relationships between core symptoms and their consequences in other domains.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Interpersonal Competence, Psychomotor Skills, Perceptual Motor Coordination, Ecological Factors, Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Questionnaires, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Performance Based Assessment, Parent Surveys, Foreign Countries, Diagnostic Tests, Mental Disorders, Observation, Children, Intelligence Tests, Behavior Rating Scales, Adjustment (to Environment), Statistical Analysis, Nonparametric Statistics, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (London)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children