ERIC Number: EJ742202
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Aug
Achievement Goals and Discrete Achievement Emotions: A Theoretical Model and Prospective Test
Pekrun, Reinhard; Elliot, Andrew J.; Maier, Markus A.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v98 n3 p583-597 Aug 2006
A theoretical model linking achievement goals to discrete achievement emotions is proposed. The model posits relations between the goals of the trichotomous achievement goal framework and 8 commonly experienced achievement emotions organized in a 2 (activity/outcome focus) x 2 (positive/negative valence) taxonomy. Two prospective studies tested the model in German and American college classrooms. The results were largely in line with the hypotheses. Mastery goals were positive predictors of enjoyment of learning, hope, and pride and were negative predictors of boredom and anger. Performance-approach goals were positive predictors of pride, whereas performance-avoidance goals were positive predictors of anxiety, hopelessness, and shame. The results were consistent across studies and robust when controlled for gender, GPA, social desirability, temperament, and competence expectancy. The research is discussed with regard to the under developed literature on achievement emotions and with regard to the motivation and emotion research domains more broadly.
Descriptors: Models, Student Educational Objectives, Psychological Patterns, Student Motivation, Foreign Countries, Achievement Need, Gender Differences, Social Desirability, Goal Orientation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A