ERIC Number: EJ780103
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Burnout and Connectedness among Australian Volunteers: A Test of the Job Demands-Resources Model
Lewig, Kerry A.; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Bakker, Arnold B.; Dollard, Maureen F.; Metzer, Jacques C.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, v71 n3 p429-445 Dec 2007
This study used the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, developed in the context of occupational well-being in the paid workforce, to examine the antecedents of burnout and connectedness in the formal volunteer rural ambulance officer vocation (N=487). Structural equation modeling using self-reports provide strong evidence for the central assumptions of the JD-R model. The findings confirm that burnout fully mediates the relationship between job demands and health problems (Hypothesis 1), and between job demands and determination to continue (Hypothesis 2). In addition, results show that connectedness fully mediates the relationship between job resources and determination to continue (Hypothesis 3). These findings have important practical implications because of the increasing problem of volunteer recruitment and retention.
Descriptors: Job Satisfaction, Structural Equation Models, Volunteers, Burnout, Well Being, Correlation, Recruitment, Occupational Safety and Health, Work Environment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia