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Kaya, Ebru; Erduran, Sibel; Aksoz, Busra; Akgun, Selin – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
A recent framework on nature of science (NOS) is the Family Resemblance Approach (FRA). FRA presents NOS as a cognitive-epistemic and social-institutional system with a set of categories: aims and values, scientific methods, scientific practices, scientific knowledge and social-institutional aspects of science. Although FRA has been problematised…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Preservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teachers, Science Instruction
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Duruk, Ümit; Akgün, Abuzer; Tokur, Fuat – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore the understandings of prospective early childhood teachers on scientific knowledge and scientific method. The study was interpretive in nature. The data were collected through various open-ended questions with subsequent auxiliary ones directed towards ten participants during a combination of in-depth focus…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Early Childhood Education, Scientific Principles, Scientific Methodology
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Saif, Abdulsalam Dale Amer – Journal of Education and Practice, 2016
This study aims to investigate the views of Saudi Science Teachers in Najran district about the nature of science (NOS). A questionnaire of fourteen items was developed and administered to a sample of 83 science teachers. The questionnaire covers five aspects of the nature of science which are: scientific theories and models; role of scientists;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Scientific Principles
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Schauss, Mareike; Sprenger, Sandra – Education Sciences, 2019
Anchored in the thirteenth of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), climate change is one of the key content areas in education for sustainable development. This evaluation study describes a school project that introduces students to scientific work and, more specifically, to scientific research methods in climate research. Using a pre-post…
Descriptors: School Activities, Climate, Program Effectiveness, Environmental Education
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Kosso, Peter – Science & Education, 2009
The standard textbook description of the nature of science describes the proposal, testing, and acceptance of a theoretical idea almost entirely in isolation from other theories. The resulting model of science is a kind of piecemeal empiricism that misses the important network structure of scientific knowledge. Only the large-scale description of…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Scientific Principles, Measures (Individuals), Scientific Concepts
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Eastwell, Peter – School Science Review, 2012
This paper defines the terms "hypothesis," "prediction," and "conclusion" and shows how to use the terms correctly in scientific investigations in both the school and science education research contexts. The scientific method, or hypothetico-deductive (HD) approach, is described and it is argued that an understanding of the scientific method,…
Descriptors: Prediction, Science Education, Educational Research, Scientific Methodology
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Kroon, Cindy D. – Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, 2016
Mathematics and science are natural partners. One of many examples of this partnership occurs when scientific observations are made, thus providing data that can be used for mathematical modeling. Developing mathematical relationships elucidates such scientific principles. This activity describes a data-collection activity in which students employ…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Middle Schools, Secondary School Mathematics, Teaching Methods
Talavera, Isidoro – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2016
There is a gap between the facts learned in a science course and the higher-cognitive skills of analysis and evaluation necessary for students to secure scientific knowledge and scientific habits of mind. Teaching science is not just about how we do science (i.e., focusing on just "accumulating undigested facts and scientific definitions and…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Critical Thinking, Philosophy, Science Education
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Develaki, Maria – Interchange: A Quarterly Review of Education, 2016
Models and modeling are core elements of scientific methods and consequently also are of key importance for the conception and teaching of scientific methodology. The epistemology of models and its transfer and adaption to nature of science education are not, however, simple themes. We present some conceptual units in which school science models…
Descriptors: Models, Scientific Methodology, Science Instruction, Epistemology
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Leblebicioglu, G.; Metin, D.; Capkinoglu, E.; Cetin, P. S.; Eroglu Dogan, E.; Schwartz, R. – Science & Education, 2017
Although nature of science (NOS) and nature of scientific inquiry (NOSI) are related to each other, they are differentiated as NOS is being more related to the product of scientific inquiry (SI) which is scientific knowledge whereas NOSI is more related to the process of SI (Schwartz et al. 2008). Lederman et al. ("Journal of Research in…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science Education, Summer Programs, Inquiry
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Hoh, Yin Kiong – Teaching Science, 2013
This article reports on the results of a paper-pen questionnaire study involving certain key aspects of the nature of science. The questionnaire covers, among other things, aspects such as uniqueness of the scientific method, objectivity of scientific data, and immutability of scientific laws. The survey was given out to eighty trainee teachers…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Preservice Teachers, Inservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teacher Education
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Ulucinar Sagir, Safak – Journal of Education and Practice, 2017
The perceptions of class teachers, who will deliver science education at the elementary school, of information and science are significant as these affect the quality of education received by children. The aim of this research is to determine perceptions of prospective class teachers of science. The sample group of the research consists of 120…
Descriptors: Scientific Attitudes, Science Education, Preservice Teachers, Science Teachers
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Summers, Ryan; Alameh, Sahar; Brunner, Jeanne; Maddux, John M.; Wallon, Robert C.; Abd-El-Khalick, Fouad – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2019
This study evaluated the representations of nature of science (NOS) in U.S. state science standards, and examined the changes in these representations from documents advanced in the 1980s through 2016. Drawing from the consensus perspective on NOS and prior studies focusing on the analysis of textual content, documents were inspected for 10 target…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Science Education, Educational History, Scientific Methodology
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Binns, Ian C.; Bell, Randy L. – Science & Education, 2015
This study explored how eight widely used secondary science textbooks described scientific methodology and to what degree the textbooks' examples and investigations were consistent with this description. Data consisted of all text from student and teacher editions that referred to scientific methodology and all investigations. Analysis used an…
Descriptors: Scientific Methodology, Secondary School Science, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation
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Cofré, Hernán; Núñez, Paola; Santibáñez, David; Pavez, José M.; Valencia, Martina; Vergara, Claudia – Science & Education, 2019
There is widespread agreement that an adequate understanding of the nature of science (NOS) is a critical component of scientific literacy and a major goal in science education. However, we still do not know many specific details regarding how students and teachers learn particular aspects of NOS and what are the most important feature traits of…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Scientific Principles, Scientific Literacy, Science Teachers
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