ERIC Number: EJ1174686
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Differential Identification of Females and Males with Reading Difficulties: A Meta-Analysis
Quinn, Jamie M.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v31 n5 p1039-1061 May 2018
Males are more likely than females to be identified as having reading difficulties, but it is unclear if this is a result of sample ascertainment or identification bias. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine the magnitude of gender differences in reading difficulties using available studies in which researchers investigated this difference and an additional dataset with a representative U.S. sample. After conducting a literature search, sixteen studies and a restricted use dataset were included in the present analysis (N = 552,729). A random-effects odds ratio model indicated that males are 1.83 times more likely than females to have reading difficulties. Moderator analyses revealed that the gender ratio is greater when the identified reading difficulties were more severe. Further, this difference in identification rates across males and females was found without evidence of publication bias. Implications for the identification of students with reading difficulties are discussed.
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Disability Identification, Gender Differences, Literature Reviews, Severity (of Disability), Error of Measurement, Gender Bias
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: P50HD05211707