ERIC Number: EJ747059
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Processes of Similarity Judgment
Larkey, Levi B.; Markman, Arthur B.
Cognitive Science, v29 n6 p1061-1076 2005
Similarity underlies fundamental cognitive capabilities such as memory, categorization, decision making, problem solving, and reasoning. Although recent approaches to similarity appreciate the structure of mental representations, they differ in the processes posited to operate over these representations. We present an experiment that differentiates among extant structural accounts of similarity in their ability to account for patterns of similarity ratings. These data pose a challenge for transformation-based models and all but one mapping-based model, the Similarity as Interactive Activation and Mapping (SIAM) model of similarity.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Cognitive Mapping, Models, Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Decision Making, Problem Solving, Abstract Reasoning, Classification
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A