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ERIC Number: ED303376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-13
Reference Count: N/A
Problem Solving Behaviors of Successful and Unsuccessful Subjects Leading to a Genetics Problem Solving Model.
Simmons, Patricia E.
An integral part of the curriculum in introductory biology courses is the study of Mendelian genetics. Results from genetics learning studies and needs assessments demonstrated the need for additional intensive research in biology education and genetics learning. There exists a lack of detailed information describing reasoning patterns and processes of learners solving genetics problems using an interactive medium to explore their ideas and test hypotheses. The purposes of this study were to: (1) explore problem solving behaviors and genetics concepts employed by experts and novices during interaction with a genetics computer simulation; and (2) examine, extract, and analyze common and unique characteristics of successful and unsuccessful subjects. Three experts (Ph.D.s in Biology) and ten novices (advanced biology secondary students) participated in the study. Two experts and two novices exhibited the most complex patterns of problem-solving sequences and principally used problem-solving sequences. These were the successful subjects. The least successful subjects, five novices, exhibited more random approaches during problem solving. An intermediate group of less successful problem solvers exhibited some of the problem solving sequences of successful subjects. Included are tables, diagrams, and a list of references. (RT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (61st, Lake of the Ozarks, MO, April 10-13, 1988).