ERIC Number: ED178208
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Dual Coding in Children.
Burton, John K.; Wildman, Terry M.
The purpose of this study was to test the applicability of the dual coding hypothesis to children's recall performance. The hypothesis predicts that visual interference will have a small effect on the recall of visually presented words or pictures, but that acoustic interference will cause a decline in recall of visually presented words and pictures, with the recall of words being worse than that of pictures. In addition, the degree of recall by interference task was predicted to be reversed from short term to long term memory within presentation types. Nouns were presented to 30 third grade children in picture, printed word or spoken word form and followed by visual, acoustic, simultaneous, or no interference. Recall of the items and of presentation type was elicited after each triad. After all triads were presented, children were asked to free-recall as many items as possible and to indicate presentation type as a measure of long term memory. Evidence of differential storage of printed words versus spoken words was detected in short term memory. All data showed superior recall for pictures. These results were generally consistent with Paivio's dual coding hypothesis and with findings of adult studies. However, the expected reversals from short term memory to long term memory were supported by the data only to a minimal degree and only at intermediate levels of interference. (Author/SS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A