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Jones, Todd C.; Robinson, Kealagh; Steel, Brenna C. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Describing unfamiliar faces during or immediately after their presentation in a study phase can produce better recognition memory performance compared with a view-only control condition. We treated descriptions as elaborative information that is part of the study context and investigated how context retrieval influences recognition memory.…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Human Body, Recall (Psychology), Control Groups
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Tsiampa, Athanasia Maria; Skolariki, Konstantina – International Association for Development of the Information Society, 2018
Latest research suggests that the most effective methods on education are those which utilize technological tools that provide an interactive approach to learning. Exploratory technology which involves augmented reality applications in the regular school program, gives the opportunity to young learners to become autonomous and active in their…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Instructional Innovation, Neurosciences, Learning Processes
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Hunter-Doniger, Tracey – Art Education, 2018
Project-Based Learning (PBL) is a dynamic classroom approach in which students actively use driving questions to explore real-world problems and acquire deeper knowledge through constructive investigations (Stepien & Gallagher, 1993; Thomas, 2000). Although not a new pedagogical approach, PBL has recently gained in popularity and come to the…
Descriptors: Student Projects, Problem Based Learning, Social Problems, Teaching Methods
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Mosse, Emma K.; Jarrold, Christopher – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2011
Purpose: Three studies investigated novel word learning, some requiring phonological production, each involving between 11 and 17 individuals with Down syndrome, and between 15 and 24 typically developing individuals matched for receptive vocabulary. The effect of stimuli wordlikeness and incidental procedure-based memory demands were examined to…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Short Term Memory, Vocabulary Development, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
McKean, Kevin – Discover, 1983
Discusses current research (including that involving amnesiacs and snails) into the nature of the memory process, differentiating between and providing examples of "fact" memory and "skill" memory. Suggests that three brain parts (thalamus, fornix, mammilary body) are involved in the memory process. (JN)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Memorization, Memory, Neurology
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Hayes, Scott M.; Buchler, Norbou; Stokes, Jared; Kragel, James; Cabeza, Roberto – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2011
Although the medial-temporal lobes (MTL), PFC, and parietal cortex are considered primary nodes in the episodic memory network, there is much debate regarding the contributions of MTL, PFC, and parietal subregions to recollection versus familiarity (dual-process theory) and the feasibility of accounts on the basis of a single memory strength…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Theories, Neurological Organization
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Leahy, Wayne; Sweller, John – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2016
Based on cognitive load theory and the "transient information effect," this paper investigated the "modality effect" while interpreting a contour map. The length and complexity of auditory and visual text instructions were manipulated. Experiment 1 indicated that longer audio text information within a presentation was inferior…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Learning Modalities, Instructional Design
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Kelly, M. A.; Arora, Nipun; West, Robert L.; Reitter, David – Cognitive Science, 2020
We demonstrate that the key components of cognitive architectures (declarative and procedural memory) and their key capabilities (learning, memory retrieval, probability judgment, and utility estimation) can be implemented as algebraic operations on vectors and tensors in a high-dimensional space using a distributional semantics model.…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Models
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Jang, Yoonhee; Wixted, John T.; Huber, David E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2009
The current study compared 3 models of recognition memory in their ability to generalize across yes/no and 2-alternative forced-choice (2AFC) testing. The unequal-variance signal-detection model assumes a continuous memory strength process. The dual-process signal-detection model adds a thresholdlike recollection process to a continuous…
Descriptors: Test Format, Familiarity, Testing, Criteria
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Jonker, Tanya R.; MacLeod, Colin M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Reconstructing memory for sequences is a complex process, likely involving multiple sources of information. In 3 experiments, we examined the source(s) of information that might underlie the ability to accurately place an event within a temporal context. The task was to estimate, after studying each list, the temporal position of a single test…
Descriptors: Information Sources, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Sequential Approach
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Lacroix, Joyca P. W.; Murre, Jaap M. J.; Postma, Eric O.; van den Herik, H. Jaap – Cognitive Science, 2006
The natural input memory (NAM) model is a new model for recognition memory that operates on natural visual input. A biologically informed perceptual preprocessing method takes local samples (eye fixations) from a natural image and translates these into a feature-vector representation. During recognition, the model compares incoming preprocessed…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Models, Visual Perception, Eye Movements
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Aslan, Alp; Bauml, Karl-Heinz T. – Cognition, 2012
Evolutionary psychologists propose that human cognition evolved through natural selection to solve adaptive problems related to survival and reproduction, with its ultimate function being the enhancement of reproductive fitness. Following this proposal and the evolutionary-developmental view that ancestral selection pressures operated not only on…
Descriptors: Psychologists, Preschool Children, Memory, Retention (Psychology)
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Kuczera, Tanja; Stilling, Roman Manuel; Hsia, Hung-En; Bahari-Javan, Sanaz; Irniger, Stefan; Nasmyth, Kim; Sananbenesi, Farahnaz; Fischer, Andre – Learning & Memory, 2011
Learning and memory processes critically involve the orchestrated regulation of de novo protein synthesis. On the other hand it has become clear that regulated protein degradation also plays a major role in neuronal plasticity and learning behavior. One of the key pathways mediating protein degradation is proteosomal protein destruction. The…
Descriptors: Animals, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Alzheimers Disease, Diseases
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Marsh, John E.; Hughes, Robert W.; Jones, Dylan M. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2008
Five experiments demonstrate auditory-semantic distraction in tests of memory for semantic category-exemplars. The effects of irrelevant sound on category-exemplar recall are shown to be functionally distinct from those found in the context of serial short-term memory by showing sensitivity to: The lexical-semantic, rather than acoustic,…
Descriptors: Semantics, Short Term Memory, Semiotics, Auditory Perception
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