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Showing 61 to 75 of 217 results Save | Export
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Berryhill, Marian E.; Chein, Jason; Olson, Ingrid R. – Neuropsychologia, 2011
Portions of the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) play a role in working memory (WM) yet the precise mechanistic function of this region remains poorly understood. The "pure storage" hypothesis proposes that this region functions as a short-lived modality-specific memory store. Alternatively, the "internal attention" hypothesis proposes that the PPC…
Descriptors: Maintenance, Children, Patients, Short Term Memory
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Hamlett, Carol L.; Cirino, Paul T.; Siegler, Robert; Changas, Paul – Grantee Submission, 2013
The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of an intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' understanding of fractions and to examine the processes by which effects occurred. The intervention focused more on the measurement interpretation of fractions; the control condition focused more on the part-whole interpretation…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics
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Kapatsinski, Vsevolod; Olejarczuk, Paul; Redford, Melissa A. – Cognitive Science, 2017
We report on rapid perceptual learning of intonation contour categories in adults and 9- to 11-year-old children. Intonation contours are temporally extended patterns, whose perception requires temporal integration and therefore poses significant working memory challenges. Both children and adults form relatively abstract representations of…
Descriptors: Intonation, Children, Short Term Memory, Adults
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Metzger, Richard L.; Warren, Amye R.; Shelton, Jill T.; Price, Jodi; Reed, Andrea W.; Williams, Danny – Developmental Psychology, 2008
The Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm was used to investigate developmental trends in accurate and false memory production. In Experiment 1, DRM lists adjusted to be more consistent with children's vocabulary were used with 2nd graders, 8th graders, and college students. Accurate and false recall and recognition increased with age, but…
Descriptors: College Students, Semantics, Age Differences, Memory
Kazemi Tari, Somayeh – Online Submission, 2008
Although many researchers have worked on memory development, still little is known about what develops in memory development. When one reviews the literature about memory, she encounters many types of memories such as short term vs. long term memory, working memory, explicit vs. implicit memory, trans-saccadic memory, autobiographical memory,…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Development, Children, Adults
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Swaminathan, Swathi; Schellenberg, E. Glenn – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
We tested theories of links between musical expertise and language ability in a sample of 6- to 9-year-old children. Language ability was measured with tests of speech perception and grammar. Musical expertise was measured with a test of musical ability that had 3 subtests (melody discrimination, rhythm discrimination, and long-term memory for…
Descriptors: Music, Expertise, Language Skills, Children
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Yuzawa, Miki; Saito, Satoru – Cognitive Development, 2006
This study investigated the effects of association values and the influences of prosodic information on Japanese children's repetition of nonwords with varying association values and with or without pitch accent. Fifteen 3- and 4-year-olds (mean age = 4.42 years, range: 3.9-4.9) and nineteen 5- and 6-year-olds (mean age = 5.71 years, range:…
Descriptors: Phonology, Japanese, Young Children, Phonemes
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Gierut, Judith A.; Morrisette, Michele L. – Journal of Child Language, 2015
There is a noted advantage of dense neighborhoods in language acquisition, but the learning mechanism that drives the effect is not well understood. Two hypotheses--long-term auditory word priming and phonological working memory--have been advanced in the literature as viable accounts. These were evaluated in two treatment studies enrolling twelve…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Acquisition, Linguistic Theory, Short Term Memory
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Strand, Michael T.; Hawk, Larry W., Jr.; Bubnik, Michelle; Shiels, Keri; Pelham, William E., Jr.; Waxmonsky, James G. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2012
Working memory (WM) is considered a core deficit in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), with numerous studies demonstrating impaired WM among children with ADHD. We tested the degree to which WM in children with ADHD was improved by performance-based incentives, an analog of behavioral intervention. In two studies, WM performance was…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Control Groups, Stimulants, Program Effectiveness
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Lloyd, Marianne E.; Doydum, Ayzit O.; Newcombe, Nora S. – Child Development, 2009
Previous research has suggested that performance for items requiring memory-binding processes improves between ages 4 and 6 (J. Sluzenski, N. Newcombe, & S. L. Kovacs, 2006). The present study suggests that much of this improvement is due to retrieval, as opposed to encoding, deficits for 4-year-olds. Four- and 6-year-old children (N = 48 per age)…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Young Children, Task Analysis
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Bianco, Federica; Lecce, Serena – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Background: Translating research findings into practice should be one of the objectives of developmental psychology. Recently, research demonstrated the existence of individual differences in theory of mind (ToM) during middle childhood that are crucial for children's academic and social adjustment. Aims: This study aims to transfer the results of…
Descriptors: Child Development, Theory of Mind, Academic Achievement, Social Adjustment
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Bornstein, Marc H.; Arterberry, Martha E.; Mash, Clay – Infancy, 2004
We examined infants' long-term retention of a single unique emotional experience into early childhood. Twenty-month-olds who had participated in a still-face procedure at 5 months (experience group) fixated the face of the person who had instigated the still face significantly less than the faces of 2 other novel persons. Control 20-month-olds…
Descriptors: Infants, Long Term Memory, Emotional Experience, Interpersonal Relationship
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Barry, Johanna G.; Hardiman, Mervyn J.; Line, Elizabeth; White, Katherine B.; Yasin, Ifat; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Brain and Language, 2008
In a previous behavioral study, we showed that parents of children with SLI had a subclinical deficit in phonological short-term memory. Here, we tested the hypothesis that they also have a deficit in nonverbal auditory sensory memory. We measured auditory sensory memory using a paradigm involving an electrophysiological component called the…
Descriptors: Parents, Short Term Memory, Speech Impairments, Language Impairments
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Makovski, Tal; Watson, Leah M.; Koutstaal, Wilma; Jiang, Yuhong V. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2010
Visual working memory (WM) is traditionally considered a robust form of visual representation that survives changes in object motion, observer's position, and other visual transients. This article presents data that are inconsistent with the traditional view. We show that memory sensitivity is dramatically influenced by small variations in the…
Descriptors: Testing, Preschool Children, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
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Kheirzadeh, Shiela; Pakzadian, Sarah Sadat – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2016
The present article is aimed to investigate whether there are any differences between youngsters and adults in their working and long-term memory functioning. The theory of Depth of Processing (Craik and Lockhart in "J Verbal Learning Verbal Behav" 11:671-684, 1972) discusses the varying degrees of strengths of memory traces as the…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Psycholinguistics, Semantics, Recall (Psychology)
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