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Showing 31 to 45 of 859 results Save | Export
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Kruijne, Wouter; Meeter, Martijn – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Studies on "intertrial priming" have shown that in visual search experiments, the preceding trial automatically affects search performance: facilitating it when the target features repeat and giving rise to switch costs when they change--so-called (short-term) intertrial priming. These effects also occur at longer time scales: When 1 of…
Descriptors: Priming, Color, Bias, Long Term Memory
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Wagner, Dylan D.; Sziklas, Viviane; Garver, Krista E.; Jones-Gotman, Marilyn – Neuropsychologia, 2009
Mnemonic deficits in patients with medial temporal lobe (MTL) damage arising from temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) are traditionally constrained to long-term episodic memory, sparing short-term and working memory (WM). This view of WM as being independent of MTL structures has recently been challenged by a small number of patient and neuroimaging…
Descriptors: Patients, Short Term Memory, Brain, Spatial Ability
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van den Broek, Gesa S. E.; Takashima, Atsuko; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Language Learning, 2018
Learning new vocabulary from context typically requires multiple encounters during which word meaning can be retrieved from memory or inferred from context. We compared the effect of memory retrieval and context inferences on short- and long-term retention in three experiments. Participants studied novel words and then practiced the words either…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Context Effect, Vocabulary Development, Memory
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Sampaio, Adriana; Sousa, Nuno; Fernandez, Montse; Henriques, Margarida; Goncalves, Oscar F. – Brain and Cognition, 2008
Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurodevelopmental genetic disorder often described as being characterized by a dissociative cognitive architecture, in which profound impairments of visuo-spatial cognition contrast with relative preservation of linguistic, face recognition and auditory short-memory abilities. This asymmetric and dissociative cognition…
Descriptors: Verbal Learning, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Developmental Delays
Kazemi Tari, Somayeh – Online Submission, 2008
Although many researchers have worked on memory development, still little is known about what develops in memory development. When one reviews the literature about memory, she encounters many types of memories such as short term vs. long term memory, working memory, explicit vs. implicit memory, trans-saccadic memory, autobiographical memory,…
Descriptors: Memory, Cognitive Development, Children, Adults
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Byrne, Patrick; Becker, Suzanna; Burgess, Neil – Psychological Review, 2007
The authors model the neural mechanisms underlying spatial cognition, integrating neuronal systems and behavioral data, and address the relationships between long-term memory, short-term memory, and imagery, and between egocentric and allocentric and visual and ideothetic representations. Long-term spatial memory is modeled as attractor dynamics…
Descriptors: Schemata (Cognition), Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Neurology
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Tong, Michelle T.; Kim, Tae-Young P.; Cleland, Thomas A. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Long-term fear memory formation in the hippocampus and neocortex depends upon brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling after acquisition. Incremental, appetitive odor discrimination learning is thought to depend substantially on the differentiation of adult-born neurons within the olfactory bulb (OB)--a process that is closely associated…
Descriptors: Memory, Olfactory Perception, Role, Animals
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Yamaguchi, Motonori; Logan, Gordon D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Hierarchical control of skilled performance depends on the ability of higher level control to process several lower level units as a single chunk. The present study investigated the development of hierarchical control of skilled typewriting, focusing on the process of memory chunking. In the first 3 experiments, skilled typists typed words or…
Descriptors: Office Occupations, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Long Term Memory
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Calderón-Tena, Carlos O.; Caterino, Linda C. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
This study assessed the relation between long-term memory retrieval and mathematics calculation and mathematics problem solving achievement among elementary, middle, and high school students in nationally representative sample of US students, when controlling for fluid and crystallized intelligence, short-term memory, and processing speed. As…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Long Term Memory, Mathematics, Problem Solving
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Grimes, Matthew T.; Harley, Carolyn W.; Darby-King, Andrea; McLean, John H. – Learning & Memory, 2012
Neonatal odor-preference memory in rat pups is a well-defined associative mammalian memory model dependent on cAMP. Previous work from this laboratory demonstrates three phases of neonatal odor-preference memory: short-term (translation-independent), intermediate-term (translation-dependent), and long-term (transcription- and…
Descriptors: Animals, Olfactory Perception, Preferences, Learning
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Michel, Maximilian; Green, Charity L.; Lyons, Lisa C. – Learning & Memory, 2011
We investigated the involvement of PKA and PKC signaling in a negatively reinforced operant learning paradigm in "Aplysia", learning that food is inedible (LFI). In vivo injection of PKA or PKC inhibitors blocked long-term LFI memory formation. Moreover, a persistent phase of PKA activity, although not PKC activity, was necessary for long-term…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Food, Learning, Models
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Damhuis, Carmen M. P.; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2014
We investigated the sustained effects of explicit versus implicit instruction on the breadth and depth of children's vocabularies, while taking their general vocabulary and verbal short-term memory into account. Two experimental groups with 12 and 15 kindergarten children respectively learned two sets of 17 words counterbalanced to be taught first…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary Development, Experimental Groups
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Carlesimo, Giovanni Augusto; Lombardi, Maria Giovanna; Caltagirone, Carlo – Neuropsychologia, 2011
In humans lacunar infarcts in the mesial and anterior regions of the thalami are frequently associated with amnesic syndromes. In this review paper, we scrutinized 41 papers published between 1983 and 2009 that provided data on a total of 83 patients with the critical ischemic lesions (i.e. 17 patients with right-sided lesions, 25 with left-sided…
Descriptors: Brain, Neurological Impairments, Memory, Patients
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Bathelt, Joe; Gathercole, Susan E.; Johnson, Amy; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2018
Working memory (WM) skills are closely associated with learning progress in key areas such as reading and mathematics across childhood. As yet, however, little is known about how the brain systems underpinning WM develop over this critical developmental period. The current study investigated whether and how structural brain correlates of…
Descriptors: Brain, Morphology (Languages), Short Term Memory, Children
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Purser, Harry R. M.; Farran, Emily K.; Courbois, Yannick; Lemahieu, Axelle; Mellier, Daniel; Sockeel, Pascal; Blades, Mark – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate route-learning ability in 67 children aged 5 to 11 years and to relate route-learning performance to the components of Baddeley's model of working memory. Children carried out tasks that included measures of verbal and visuospatial short-term memory and executive control and also measures of verbal and…
Descriptors: Virtual Classrooms, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Children
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