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Wixted, John T. – Psychological Review, 2004
T. Ribot's (1881) law of retrograde amnesia states that brain damage impairs recently formed memories to a greater extent than older memories, which is generally taken to imply that memories need time to consolidate. A. Jost's (1897) law of forgetting states that if 2 memories are of the same strength but different ages, the older will decay more…
Descriptors: Memory, Neurological Impairments
Wagner, Daniel A. – 1973
This study investigated developmental changes in memory performance for two contrasting populations in Urban and Rural Yucatan, Mexico. Subjects were divided into five groups defined by age, including children and adults. All urban S's were in school, while only the two younger rural groups were in school, and older rural S's had little or no…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Attention, Cross Cultural Studies
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Hubbard, Timothy L.; Ruppel, Susan E.; Courtney, Jon R. – Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 2005
If a moving stimulus (i.e., launcher) contacts a stationary target that subsequently begins to move, observers attribute motion of the target to the launcher (Michotte, 1946/1963). In experiments reported here, a stationary launcher adjacent to the target appeared or vanished and displacement in memory for the position of the target was measured.…
Descriptors: Motion, Memory, Stimuli, Perception
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Taguchi, Naoko – Modern Language Journal, 2005
This study investigated whether second language (L2) proficiency affects pragmatic comprehension, namely the ability to comprehend implied meaning in spoken dialogues, in terms of accuracy and speed of comprehension. Participants included 46 native English speakers at a U.S. university and 160 Japanese students of English in a college in Japan who…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Short Term Memory, English (Second Language), Language Processing
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Baars, Bernard J. – Psychological Bulletin, 2010
When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction", "attentional…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Brain, Problem Solving, Memory
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Razi, Salim – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2008
This study aims primarily to investigate the impact of learning multiple foreign languages on the use of metacognitive reading strategies (MRSs) by foreign language teaching (FLT) department students. A number of factors such as gender, hand preference, class, and programme with reference to their belief orientation were also involved in the…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Reading Strategies
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De Sa Teixeira, Nuno; Oliveira, Armando Monica; Amorim, Michel-Ange – Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 2010
Representational Momentum (RepMo) refers to the phenomenon that the vanishing position of a moving target is perceived as displaced ahead in the direction of movement. Originally taken to reflect a strict internalization of physical momentum, the finding that the target implied mass did not have an effect led to its subsequent reinterpretation as…
Descriptors: Investigations, Figurative Language, Physics, Motion
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Higham, Philip A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2007
Two experiments investigated criterion setting and metacognitive processes underlying the strategic regulation of accuracy on the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) using Type-2 signal detection theory (SDT). In Experiment 1, report bias was manipulated by penalizing participants either 0.25 (low incentive) or 4 (high incentive) points for each error.…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Metacognition, Theories, Models
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Futterweit, Lorelle R.; Beilin, Harry – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1994
Investigated whether children's recognition memory for movement in photographs is distorted forward in the direction of implied motion. When asked whether the second photograph was the same as or different from the first, subjects made more errors for test photographs showing the action slightly forward in time, compared with slightly backward in…
Descriptors: Adults, Children, Cognitive Processes, Photographs
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Claus, Berry; Kelter, Stephanie – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2006
This study investigated the representations that readers construct for narratives describing a sequence of events. Participants read narratives describing 4 successive events in chronological order (Event 1, Event 2, Event 3, Event 4 [E1, E2, E3, E4] Experiment 1) or in nonchronological order with E1 being mentioned in a flashback (E2, E3, E1,…
Descriptors: Text Structure, Reading, Experimental Psychology, Discourse Analysis
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Madden, Carol J.; Zwaan, Rolf A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2006
In 2 experiments, the authors investigated the ability of high- and low-span comprehenders to construe subtle shades of meaning through perceptual representation. High- and low-span comprehenders responded to pictures that either matched or mismatched a target object's shape as implied by the preceding sentence context. At 750 ms after hearing the…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Sentences, Reading Comprehension, Experiments
Conners, Frances A.; Wyatt, Beverly S.; Dulaney, Cynthia L. – American Journal on Mental Retardation, 1998
Fifteen adolescents with and 15 without mental retardation were compared on their tendency to show the representational momentum effect when viewing a stimulus array that implied motion. Participants with mental retardation showed the representational momentum effects as did the others, although the magnitude of the memory shift was smaller.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Memory
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Gernsbacher, Morton Ann; Robertson, Rachel R. W. – Language and Cognitive Processes, 1992
In a study of knowledge activation and sentence mapping, subjects read stories that described concrete actions, and then the content of the stories was manipulated (i.e. stories were written that implied different emotional states). It is suggested that the more emotionally evoking situations one encounters the more memory traces are stored and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Discourse Analysis, Emotional Response, Fiction
Ross, Donald, Jr. – Technical Writing Teacher, 1981
Advances the theory that technical writing functions as a replacement for memory--an information storage receptacle. Lists the formal and stylistic features implied by such a theory. Considers the future development of technical writing within the context of this theory. (RL)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Information Sources, Technical Writing, Theories
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Collins, W. Andrew – 1977
This paper discusses research on age related aspects of children's processing and comprehension of the narrative content of family oriented television programs. In one study, the temporal integration necessary to make inferences about audiovisually presented information was examined in 254 second, fifth and eighth grade children. Subjects were…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Aggression, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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