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Shenker, Rosalee C. – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: There will always be a place for stuttering treatments designed to eliminate or reduce stuttered speech. When those treatments are required, direct speech measures of treatment process and outcome are needed in clinical practice. Aims: Based on the contents of published clinical trials of such treatments, three "core" measures of…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Severity (of Disability), Measurement
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Susca, Michael – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: To the person who stutters, there are other experiences than the somatic ones of stuttered speech. These are experiences of cognition and affect: in other words, experiences of thought and emotion. For several reasons, it is quite difficult to determine and recommend core measures of cognition and affect for clinicians to consider…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Language Pathology, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Tests
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Horton, S.; Byng, S.; Bunning, K.; Pring, T. – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2004
Background: Terms such as 'clinical intuition' have often been applied to the practice of speech and language therapy. Various authors have aimed to make the process of therapy practice more explicit, and it is argued that recently developed descriptive/analytic frameworks have the potential to engender the critical mindset necessary for student…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Program Effectiveness, Therapy, Student Attitudes
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Onslow, Mark – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: The development of evidence-based practice, which is increasingly popular in stuttering treatment, is closely linked to the development of outcome measures. Aims: Two approaches to the development of stuttering treatment outcome measures are outlined. The first is the deductive, top-down approach, where the development of specific…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Anxiety, Logical Thinking
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Cook, Frances; Fry, Jane – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: This paper is intended to contribute to the current debate in relation to persistent stuttering and evidence-based clinical practice. Aims: The paper will describe the authors' intervention framework for persistent stuttering, which is guided by evidence from the fields of stuttering and clinical psychology. It supports the opinion…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Psychotherapy, Clinical Psychology, Etiology
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Walker, Jean F.; Archibald, Lisa M. D. – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
Background: Speaking rate has implications for both clinical practice and an understanding of normal and disordered communication processes. Fundamental information on speaking rate is required by the clinician for the appropriate management of those disorders with disturbances of rate or those in which rate modification strategies are applied.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Longitudinal Studies, Articulation (Speech), Clinical Diagnosis
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Sell, Debbie – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2005
Perceptual speech assessment is central to the evaluation of speech outcomes associated with cleft palate and velopharyngeal dysfunction. However, the complexity of this process is perhaps sometimes underestimated. To draw together the many different strands in the complex process of perceptual speech assessment and analysis, and make…
Descriptors: Specialists, Data Interpretation, Quality of Life, Phonetic Analysis
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Block, Susan; Onslow, Mark; Packman, Ann; Dacakis, Georgia – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2006
"Background": Clinical trials have shown that behavioural treatments based on variants of prolonged-speech (PS) are best practice for reducing the stuttering rate in adults. However, while stuttering is significantly reduced or eliminated for most adults in the short-term with such treatment, relapse in the longer-term is common. Consequently,…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Outcomes of Treatment, Psychotherapy, Predictor Variables
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Gibbard, Deborah; Coglan, Louisa; MacDonald, John – International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 2004
Background: Parents and professionals can both play a role in improving children's expressive language development and a number of alternative models of delivery exist that involve different levels of input by these two groups. However, these alternative treatments have not been subject to rigorous comparative analysis in terms of both cost and…
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Receptive Language