**ERIC Number:**ED507520

**Record Type:**Non-Journal

**Publication Date:**2009-Oct-15

**Pages:**117

**Abstractor:**ERIC

**ISBN:**ISBN-978-0-8735-3642-4

**ISSN:**N/A

Focus in High School Mathematics: Statistics and Probability

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics

Reasoning about and making sense of statistics and probability are essential to students' future success. This volume belongs to a series that supports National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM's) "Focus in High School Mathematics: Reasoning and Sense Making" by providing additional guidance for making reasoning and sense making part of the mathematics experiences of all high school students every day. Six investigations illustrate how to help high school students develop their skills in working with data. The investigations emphasize the roles of reasoning and sense making in defining a statistical question and collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data to answer it. The authors examine the key elements of statistical reasoning identified in "Focus in High School Mathematics: Reasoning and Sense Making" and elaborate on the associated reasoning habits. The investigations show how students can use these habits in analyzing data sets, constructing and comparing representations of data, and using samples and simulations to gather data. They reason about distributions of data and how to use measures of center, lines of best fit, and other tools and techniques to detect trends, make predictions, and determine the allowable scope of conclusions. The development of statistical reasoning must be a high priority for school mathematics. This book offers a blueprint for emphasizing statistical reasoning and sense making in the high school curriculum.

Descriptors: Statistics, Probability, High School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Logic, Mathematics Skills, Data Analysis, Data Collection, Statistical Analysis, Skill Development

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail: orders@nctm.org; Web site: http://www.nctm.org/

**Publication Type:**Books; Guides - Classroom - Teacher

**Education Level:**High Schools

**Audience:**Teachers

**Language:**English

**Sponsor:**N/A

**Authoring Institution:**National Council of Teachers of Mathematics