ERIC Number: EJ1065269
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Early Mental Development as a Predictor of Preschool Cognitive and Behavioral Development in South Africa: The Moderating Role of Maternal Education in the Birth to Twenty Cohort
Hsiao, Celia; Richter, Linda M.
Infants and Young Children, v27 n1 p74-87 Jan-Mar 2014
This article examines the influence of early development on preschool cognitive and behavioral outcomes in South Africa, as well as the role of family factors such as maternal education in moderating this association. The study involved 167 Black South African children (89 boys and 78 girls) from the Birth to Twenty study during their first 5 years of development. Results indicated that mental development assessed when children were 1 year of age significantly predicted preschool outcomes when children were 5 years of age, over and above the contributions of maternal education. Children with the poorest mental development at 1 year of age also had the poorest cognitive and behavioral development at 5 years of age. However, higher levels of maternal education attenuated the negative impacts of early developmental delay on preschool cognitive and behavioral outcomes. These findings are discussed in light of their implications for early childhood intervention. We conclude that favorable socioeconomic and child care conditions indexed by maternal education compensate for poor infant development.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Child Behavior, Family Influence, Parent Influence, Mothers, Educational Attainment, Blacks, Predictor Variables, Young Children, Developmental Delays, Socioeconomic Influences, Child Care
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Available from: Wolters Kluwer. 351 West Camden Street, Baltimore, MD 21201. Tel: 800-638-3030; e-mail: MR-WKCustomerSupport@wolterskluwer.com; Web site: http://www.lww.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa