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ERIC Number: EJ1010039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Does Maternal Employment Following Childbirth Support or Inhibit Low-Income Children's Long-Term Development?
Coley, Rebekah Levine; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran
Child Development, v84 n1 p178-197 Jan-Feb 2013
This study assessed whether previous findings linking early maternal employment to lower cognitive and behavioral skills among middle-class and White children generalized to other groups. Using a representative sample of urban, low-income, predominantly African American and Hispanic families ("n" = 444), ordinary least squares regression and propensity score matching models assessed links between maternal employment in the 2 years after childbearing and children's functioning at age 7. Children whose mothers were employed early, particularly in their first 8 months, showed enhanced socioemotional functioning compared to peers whose mothers remained nonemployed. Protective associations emerged for both part-time and full-time employment, and were driven by African American children, with neutral effects for Hispanics. Informal home-based child care also heightened positive links. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Massachusetts; Texas
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery