NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1040455
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1472-9679
Becoming Animate in Education: Immanent Materiality and Outdoor Learning for Sustainability
Clarke, David A. G.; Mcphie, Jamie
Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning, v14 n3 p198-216 2014
Outdoor environmental education has long postulated a link between experiences outdoors in "natural" environments and environmental concern. This paper suggests a straightforward relationship is problematic due to its implicit assumption of a nature/culture divide. Critical outdoor education has sought to overcome this dualism by describing a relational understanding of the world emphasizing ecological systems and highlighting humanity's "connection" to the environment. This relational approach aims to tackle the "crisis of perception", argued to be the root cause of anthropogenic planetary degradation. We draw from the philosophical work of Deleuze and Guattari to suggest that relational ontologies, as currently conceived, may reinforce a static conception of the world by emphasizing "points of being" (subject and object). Deleuze and Guattari proffer immanent materiality, where points of being are dispelled by movement and 'becoming'. We then describe "animism" as a mode of living where the world is understood to be immanent and constantly becoming. The consequences of animism are explored with regards to conceptions of "nature", "place" and "outdoor" learning for sustainability. Creative practices to tackle the "crisis of perception" are suggested as approaches that circumvent static conceptions of the world implied by points in relations and prevailing conceptions of nature as "other".
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A