ERIC Number: ED034166
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968
The Implications of A. H. Maslow's "Hierarchy of Needs" Theory for Adult Education.
Warren, Earle Theodore
The Maslow Hierarchy of Needs was reviewed and implications were sought for adult education theory, program planning and operation, promotional activities, and program evaluation. Maslow's work suggested self-actualization as an ultimate goal, meaning that adult education programs should be structured to foster both the acquisition of facts, skills, and attitudes, and the development of inner potential. Reduction of threat until it no longer blocks learning, continuing provision of a wide range of choices between growth and safety, respect by teachers and planners for learners and their nature, the development of synergy (mutual strengthening of program elements and outcomes), and the provision of novelty and variety within programs, were set forth as conditions for the fostering of self-actualization. Suggestions included promoting maximum learner participation in program planning and evaluation, encouraging "peak experiences" of high self-actualization, making programs as attractive and free of threat and risk as possible, and evaluating programs in terms of their contribution to self-actualization and intrinsic learning. (author/ly)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Strategies, Investigations, Motivation, Participation, Program Development, Program Evaluation, Psychological Needs, Publicize, Risk, Self Actualization, Theories
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No.69-4821, MF $3.00, Xerography $9.25)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington.