ERIC Number: EJ732843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
The Birth of Words: Ten-Month-Olds Learn Words through Perceptual Salience
Pruden, Shannon M.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Hennon, Elizabeth A.
Child Development, v77 n2 p266-280 Mar-Apr 2006
A core task in language acquisition is mapping words onto objects, actions, and events. Two studies investigated how children learn to map novel labels onto novel objects. Study 1 investigated whether 10-month-olds use both perceptual and social cues to learn a word. Study 2, a control study, tested whether infants paired the label with a particular spatial location rather than to an object. Results show that 10-month-olds can learn new labels and do so by relying on the perceptual salience of an object instead of social cues provided by a speaker. This is in direct contrast to the way in which older children (12-18 and 24-month-olds) learn and extend new object names.
Descriptors: Child Development, Language Acquisition, Learning Processes, Cues, Infants, Spatial Ability, Infant Behavior, Child Psychology, Concept Mapping, Perception, Case Studies, Control Groups
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A