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Anselmi, Pasquale; Robusto, Egidio; Stefanutti, Luca – Psychometrika, 2012
The Gain-Loss model is a probabilistic skill multimap model for assessing learning processes. In practical applications, more than one skill multimap could be plausible, while none corresponds to the true one. The article investigates whether constraining the error probabilities is a way of uncovering the best skill assignment among a number of…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Learning Processes, Simulation, Probability
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Bhatia, Sudeep – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Preferences are influenced by the presence or absence of salient choice options, known as reference points. This behavioral tendency is traditionally attributed to the loss aversion and diminishing sensitivity assumptions of prospect theory. In contrast, some psychological research suggests that reference dependence is caused by attentional biases…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Learning Theories, Preferences, Attention
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Camilli, Gregory; Kim, Sunhee – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2018
The trend in mathematics achievement from preschool to kindergarten is studied with a longitudinal growth item response theory model. The three measurement occasions included the spring of preschool and the spring and fall of kindergarten. The growth trend was nonlinear, with a steep drop between spring of preschool and fall of kindergarten. The…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Education, Early Childhood Education, Mathematics Achievement
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Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Choi, Seung W.; Carter, Alice S.; Hullsiek, Heide; Burns, James; McCarthy, Kimberly; Leibenluft, Ellen; Briggs-Gowan, Margaret J. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2012
Background: Temper modulation problems are both a hallmark of early childhood and a common mental health concern. Thus, characterizing specific behavioral manifestations of temper loss along a dimension from normative misbehaviors to clinically significant problems is an important step toward identifying clinical thresholds. Methods:…
Descriptors: Psychopathology, Item Response Theory, Measures (Individuals), Mental Health
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Haley, Melinda; Hammond, Helen; Ingalls, Lawrence; Marín, Merranda Romaro – Improving Schools, 2013
Parental grief reactions have typically been examined in situations where parents have a child diagnosed with a major medical or mental health condition. This study used the grief and loss model as conceptualized by Kubler-Ross (1969), Lamb (1988), and Kubler-Ross and Kessler (2005) as a foundation in examining parental reactions when a child has…
Descriptors: Grief, Disabilities, Parent Attitudes, Special Education
Boggs, James D. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
First responders are continuously moving at an incident site and this movement requires them to access Service-Oriented Architecture services, such as a Web Map Service, via mobile wireless networks. First responders from inside a building often have problems in communicating to devices outside that building due to propagation obstacles. Dynamic…
Descriptors: Geographic Information Systems, Geographic Location, Computer Software, Computer Simulation
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Peters, Jamie; Scofield, Michael D.; Reichel, Carmela M. – Learning & Memory, 2018
Prolonged use of methamphetamine (meth) has been associated with episodic memory deficits in humans, and preclinical rat models of meth self-administration indicate the memory deficits are a consequence of meth use. Others have suggested that the meth-induced memory deficits may promote a cyclical pattern of drug use, abstinence, and relapse,…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals
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Al-Salim, Sarah; Moeller, Mary Pat; McGregor, Karla K. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2020
Purpose: The aims of this study were to (a) determine if a high-quality adaptation of an audiovisual nonword repetition task can be completed by children with wide-ranging hearing abilities and to (b) examine whether performance on that task is sensitive to child demographics, hearing status, language, working memory, and executive function…
Descriptors: Children, Hearing Impairments, Repetition, Performance
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Molis, Michelle R.; Kampel, Sean D.; McMillan, Garnett P.; Gallun, Frederick J.; Dann, Serena M.; Konrad-Martin, Dawn – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2015
Purpose: Aging is known to influence temporal processing, but its relationship to speech perception has not been clearly defined. To examine listeners' use of contextual and phonetic information, the Revised Speech Perception in Noise test (R-SPIN) was used to develop a time-gated word (TGW) task. Method: In Experiment 1, R-SPIN sentence lists…
Descriptors: Hearing (Physiology), Aging (Individuals), Hearing Impairments, Regression (Statistics)
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Fox, Jonathan J.; Bartholomae, Suzanne; Letkiewicz, Jodi C.; Montalto, Catherine P. – Journal of Student Financial Aid, 2017
This study analyzes factors associated with anticipated difficulty with repayment of debt accumulated during college using a basic model of credit risk that includes socialization processes influencing college student financial decisions. The empirical analysis uses data from the 2010 Ohio Student Financial Wellness Study. Results provide evidence…
Descriptors: Debt (Financial), Loan Repayment, Undergraduate Students, Student Financial Aid
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Ko, Linda K.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle M.; Campbell, Marci K. – Health Education & Behavior, 2014
Podcasting is an emerging technology, and previous interventions have shown promising results using theory-based podcast for weight loss among overweight and obese individuals. This study investigated whether constructs of social cognitive theory and information processing theories (IPTs) mediate the effect of a podcast intervention on weight loss…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Handheld Devices, Intervention, Health Education
Davis, Michael W. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Although numerous studies have focused on understanding various aspects of the science of weight loss and weight gain in college students, understanding how the weight-loss process affects college students psychologically and behaviorally may help administrators and student affairs professionals to better work with students on their campuses. The…
Descriptors: Phenomenology, Body Weight, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Quick, Nancy; Roush, Jackson; Erickson, Karen; Mundy, Martha – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2020
Purpose: Many children with severe intellectual and developmental disabilities are at a higher risk for hearing loss than their peers who are typically developing. Unfortunately, they do not consistently participate in routine school-based hearing screenings. The current study investigated the feasibility of increasing their participation using an…
Descriptors: Severe Intellectual Disability, Severe Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Auditory Tests
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Erickson, Karen; Quick, Nancy – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2017
The present study describes the characteristics of students in Grades 3-12 with significant cognitive disabilities (SCD) and known hearing loss. The study analyzed results of a survey of teachers of students with SCD (n = 38,367) who were slated to participate in an alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards in 14 states in the…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Hearing Impairments, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Jewsbury, Paul A.; Bowden, Stephen C.; Duff, Kevin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model is a comprehensive model of the major dimensions of individual differences that underlie performance on cognitive tests. Studies evaluating the generality of the CHC model across test batteries, age, gender, and culture were reviewed and found to be overwhelmingly supportive. However, less research is available…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Individual Differences, Executive Function, Neuropsychology
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