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Brewer, Gene A.; Unsworth, Nash – Journal of Memory and Language, 2012
The current study examined individual differences in the effects of retrieval from long-term memory (i.e., the testing effect). The effects of retrieving from memory make tested information more accessible for future retrieval attempts. Despite the broad applied ramifications of such a potent memorization technique there is a paucity of research…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Long Term Memory, Testing, Attention Control
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Ludyga, Sebastian; Gerber, Markus; Brand, Serge; Pühse, Uwe; Colledge, Flora – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: Acute benefits of aerobic exercise on executive functioning have been reported frequently under laboratory conditions. However, to date, a beneficial effect on long-term memory has been less well supported and no data are available regarding nonlaboratory conditions in young adults. The aim of the current study was to investigate acute…
Descriptors: Exercise, Executive Function, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory
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Geringswald, Franziska; Herbik, Anne; Hofmüller, Wolfram; Hoffmann, Michael B.; Pollmann, Stefan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2015
Allocation of visual attention is crucial for encoding items into visual long-term memory. In free vision, attention is closely linked to the center of gaze, raising the question whether foveal vision loss entails suboptimal deployment of attention and subsequent impairment of object encoding. To investigate this question, we examined visual…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Attention, Cognitive Processes, Long Term Memory
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Brown, Jennifer L. – Journal of Education and Learning, 2015
Information in context has meaning for the student, easily understood, easily retrieved, and successfully moves to long term memory. If information is not in context, rote memorization occurs with the less meaningful information, and information is not easily retrieved or successfully stored in long term memory. The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Social Stratification, Preservice Teachers, Mixed Methods Research
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Yamaguchi, Motonori; Logan, Gordon D. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Hierarchical control of skilled performance depends on the ability of higher level control to process several lower level units as a single chunk. The present study investigated the development of hierarchical control of skilled typewriting, focusing on the process of memory chunking. In the first 3 experiments, skilled typists typed words or…
Descriptors: Office Occupations, Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Long Term Memory
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Konkle, Talia; Brady, Timothy F.; Alvarez, George A.; Oliva, Aude – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2010
Humans have a massive capacity to store detailed information in visual long-term memory. The present studies explored the fidelity of these visual long-term memory representations and examined how conceptual and perceptual features of object categories support this capacity. Observers viewed 2,800 object images with a different number of exemplars…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Memorization, Visual Stimuli, Observation
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Labban, Jeffrey D.; Etnier, Jennifer L. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2011
In this study, we tested the effect of acute exercise on long-term memory, specifically the timing of exercise relative to the memory challenge. We assessed memory via paragraph recall, in which participants listened to two paragraphs (exposure) and recounted them following a 35-min delay. Participants (n = 48) were randomly assigned to one of…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Exercise Physiology, Long Term Memory, Sport Psychology
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Javadi, Amir-Homayoun; Tolat, Anisha; Spiers, Hugo J. – Learning & Memory, 2015
Sleep is thought to play an important role in memory consolidation. Here we tested whether sleep alters the subjective value associated with objects located in spatial clusters that were navigated to in a large-scale virtual town. We found that sleep enhances a generalization of the value of high-value objects to the value of locally clustered…
Descriptors: Sleep, Memory, Simulated Environment, Generalization
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Barrientos, Ruth M.; Kitt, Meagan M.; D'Angelo, Heather M.; Watkins, Linda R.; Rudy, Jerry W.; Maier, Steven F. – Learning & Memory, 2016
Here, we present data demonstrating that a 1 d Morris water maze training protocol is effective at producing stable, long-term spatial memory in both young (3 mo old) and aged (24 mo old) F344xBN rats. Four trials in each of four sessions separated by a 2.5 h ISI produced robust selective search for the platform 1 and 4 d after training, in both…
Descriptors: Animals, Animal Behavior, Spatial Ability, Training
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Jacobs, Stephanie; Wei, Wei; Wang, Deheng; Tsien, Joe Z. – Learning & Memory, 2015
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is known to be necessary for many forms of learning and memory, including social recognition memory. Additionally, the GluN2 subunits are known to modulate multiple forms of memory, with a high GluN2A:GluN2B ratio leading to impairments in long-term memory, while a low GluN2A:GluN2B ratio enhances some…
Descriptors: Learning, Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Animals
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Smith, Emily R.; O'Brien, Edward J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Less skilled readers' comprehension often suffers because they have an impoverished representation of text in long-term memory; this, in turn, increases the difficulty of gaining access to backgrounded information necessary for maintaining coherence. The results of four experiments demonstrated that providing less skilled readers with additional…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension, Long Term Memory, Undergraduate Students
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Taha, Haitham – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The current research examined how Arabic diglossia affects verbal learning memory. Thirty native Arab college students were tested using auditory verbal memory test that was adapted according to the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and developed in three versions: Pure spoken language version (SL), pure standard language version (SA), and…
Descriptors: Verbal Learning, Memory, Bilingualism, Semitic Languages
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Sorqvist, Patrik; Ronnberg, Jerker – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether working memory capacity (WMC) modulates the effects of to-be-ignored speech on the memory of materials conveyed by to-be-attended speech. Method: Two tasks (reading span, Daneman & Carpenter, 1980; Ronnberg et al., 2008; and size-comparison span, Sorqvist, Ljungberg, & Ljung, 2010) were used to measure individual…
Descriptors: Semantics, Inhibition, Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
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Cullen, Patrick K.; Dulka, Brooke N.; Ortiz, Samantha; Riccio, David C.; Jasnow, Aaron M. – Learning & Memory, 2014
Though much attention has been given to the neural structures that underlie the long-term consolidation of contextual memories, little is known about the mechanisms responsible for the maintenance of memory precision. Here, we demonstrate a rapid time-dependent decline in memory precision in GABA [subscript B(1a)] receptor knockout mice. First, we…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Long Term Memory, Cognitive Psychology, Neurological Organization
Riley, Benjamin – Educational Leadership, 2017
Riley asserts that some findings of cognitive science conflict with key principles of personalized learning--that students should control the content of their learning and that they should control the pace of their learning. A personalized approach is in conflict with the cognitive science principle that committing key facts in a discipline to…
Descriptors: Individualized Instruction, Learner Controlled Instruction, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Science
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