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Kuku, Oluyemisi; Orazem, Peter F.; Rojid, Sawkut; Vodopivec, Milan – Education Economics, 2016
Training funds are used to incentivize training in developing countries, but the funds are based on payroll taxes that lower the return to training. In the absence of training funds, larger, high-wage and more capital-intensive firms are the most likely to offer training unless they are liquidity constrained. If firms are not liquidity…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Finance, Developing Nations, Taxes
Renninger, Christian – AGB Reports, 1980
Claremont Men's College's investment policy that concentrated on three growth and three growth-and-income mutual funds is described. Diversification, professional management, accounting, exchanges, liquidity, expenses, and how a mutual fund works are discussed. (Author/MLW)
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Endowment Funds, Fund Raising, Governing Boards
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Fleisher, Belton; Kopecky, Kenneth J. – Journal of Economic Education, 1987
Argues for replacing the liquidity-preference approach with the loanable-funds approach in introductory macroeconomics courses. Claims the loanable-funds model allows students to see more clearly relationships between such economic concepts as fiscal policy and interest rates. Illustrates how this model can be used to describe the movement from…
Descriptors: Business Cycles, Economic Change, Economics, Economics Education
Webster, Jeff; McQueen, Carla; Creusere, Marlena; Lukens, Leslie – TG (Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation), 2008
The credit market in the United States currently suffers from a rare and serious disruption. Once flowing with liquidity, the creativity and vibrancy of these markets helped fuel an economy that had been the envy of the world. Poor repayment performance in the subprime mortgage market has now reduced the availability of funds needed for other…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, College Students, Federal Programs
New York State Legislative Commission on Expenditure Review, Albany. – 1981
New York State law permits school districts to invest cash not immediately needed for district operation and also specifies the kinds of investments that may be made in order to ensure the safety and liquidity of public funds. This audit examines cash management and investment practices in New York state's financially independent school districts.…
Descriptors: Banking, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Financial Services
Vogel, Carl; Michaels, Claire; Wileden, Lydia – Center for an Urban Future, 2011
In the winter of 2009, with more than 1.4 million job losses in the first two months of the year, the federal government passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) into law as a way to quickly inject liquidity into a stalling economy and maintain critical services that would allow individuals and communities to survive through the…
Descriptors: Job Training, Block Grants, Community Development, Financial Support
Sander, Laura – Trusteeship, 2009
During this period of continued economic uncertainty, higher-education institutions are facing a variety of challenges that by now are very familiar to governing boards and institutional leaders, including poor investment returns, reduced liquidity, limited choices in how they structure debt issues, and threats to flexibility in tuition pricing.…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Private Colleges, Debt (Financial), Risk
Blumenstyk, Goldie – Chronicle of Higher Education, 2009
A newly compiled analysis by the U.S. Department of Education and obtained by "The Chronicle" shows that 114 private nonprofit degree-granting colleges were in such fragile financial condition at the end of their last fiscal year that they failed the department's financial-responsibility test. Colleges that fail the test are subject to extra…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Institutional Survival, Fiscal Capacity, Financial Policy
Nielsen, George A.; Johannisson, Eric E. – School Business Affairs, 1989
The primary objective of a public cash management policy should include safety, liquidity, yield, and legality. Contains a cash management policy/procedure checklist, a test for cash managers, and a formula for calculating the rate of return. (MLF)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Financial Audits, Government Employees
Sallack, David J. – American School Board Journal, 2001
Although state laws governing school district investing are quite conservative, there have been some notable investment failures leading to the loss of public funds. School districts must beware three kinds of investment risks involving credit, market, and interest rates and consider safety, legality, liquidity, and cash-flow requirements. (MLH)
Descriptors: Accountability, Boards of Education, Efficiency, Elementary Secondary Education
Walters, Donald L. – 1979
The problem of full disclosure of the financial operation and position of a school system is discussed in this paper. Techniques described for analyzing revenue and expenditure patterns include percentage changes and index numbers for horizontal analysis and proportions for vertical analysis. Also discussed are how financial reports are affected…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Expenditures, Guides, Income
Student Loan Marketing Association, Washington, DC. – 1975
The Student Loan Marketing Association ("Sallie Mae") is a government sponsored, private, for profit corporation, created in June 23, 1972, by the enactment of Section 439 of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. Sallie Mae provides liquidity to commercial banks, savings and loan associations, mutual savings banks, credit unions,…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Financial Support
Dembowski, Frederick L.; Davey, Robert D. – 1986
This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" introduces the concept of cash management, or the process of managing an institution's moneys to ensure maximum cash availability and maximum yield on investments. Four activities are involved: (1) conversion of accounts receivable to cash receipts; (2) conversion of accounts payable to…
Descriptors: Banking, Budgeting, Credit (Finance), Educational Finance