ERIC Number: EJ1095058
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
The Impact of Learning Difficulties and Socioemotional and Behavioural Problems on Transition to Postsecondary Education or Work Life in Finland: A Five-Year Follow-Up Study
Hakkarainen, Airi M.; Holopainen, Leena K.; Savolainen, Hannu K.
European Journal of Special Needs Education, v31 n2 p171-186 2016
Learning difficulties have been found to dilute the possibilities that young adults have in their educational careers. However, during the last few decades, education has become increasingly important for employment and overall life satisfaction. In the present study, we were interested in the effects of mathematical and reading difficulties and socioemotional and behavioural problems (measured at age 16) on three educational situations at age 21: delayed graduation from upper secondary education, short educational trajectory and not being engaged in education, employment or training (NEET). The participants (N = 597; 304 females, 293 males) were one age cohort of ninth graders in general education classes, who were followed for five years after completion of compulsory education. This time frame included two different transition phases: first, from comprehensive education to upper secondary education, and second, from upper secondary education to further studies or to working life. Structural equation modelling was used as analysis method. The findings show that mathematical and reading difficulties as well as socioemotional and behavioural problems had significant long-term effects on the participants' educational careers. New in part was that these learning difficulties seemed to have somewhat divergent emphases on the three investigated life situations: (1) mathematical difficulties, more strongly than reading difficulties, caused the students to attain lower levels of education, (2) mathematical difficulties and socioemotional problems predicted a student ending up in the NEET group and (3) reading difficulties and behavioural problems predicted delayed graduation from upper secondary education.
Descriptors: Followup Studies, Learning Problems, Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Social Problems, Quality of Working Life, Job Satisfaction, Mathematics Achievement, Postsecondary Education, Reading Difficulties, Life Satisfaction, Grade 9, Structural Equation Models, Predictor Variables, Educational Attainment, Transitional Programs, Reading Comprehension, Special Education, Compulsory Education, Inclusion, Longitudinal Studies, Learning Disabilities, General Education, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Grade 9; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland