ERIC Number: EJ843883
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Who, What, Where, When, and Why: Demographic and Ecological Factors Contributing to Hostile School Climate for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth
Kosciw, Joseph G.; Greytak, Emily A.; Diaz, Elizabeth M.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v38 n7 p976-988 Aug 2009
This study examines how locational (region and locale), community-level (school district poverty and adult educational attainment), and school district-level (district size and ratios of students to key school personnel) variables are related to indicators of hostile school climate for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth. Indicators of hostile climate included frequency of homophobic remarks and victimization regarding sexual orientation and gender expression. We used data from a national survey of LGBT secondary school students (N = 5,420; 57.6% female; 65.5% White; mean age = 15.9). Results from regression analyses demonstrated that LGBT youth in rural communities and communities with lower adult educational attainment may face particularly hostile school climates. School district characteristics contributed little to the variation in LGBT youth's experiences. Findings highlight the importance of considering the multiple contexts that LGBT youth inhabit, particularly as they pertain to educational experiences.
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Sexual Orientation, School Districts, Rural Areas, Homosexuality, Ecological Factors, Educational Experience, School Personnel, Secondary School Students, Environmental Influences, Demography, Influences, Social Bias, Social Attitudes, School District Size, Teacher Student Ratio, Verbal Communication, Victims of Crime, Gender Issues, Geographic Location, Rural Urban Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A