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Catrysse, Leen; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
In educational research, there is a growing interest in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine students' levels of processing. As there is a growing interest in the use of fMRI, a systematic review was conducted to examine how deep and surface levels of processing are operationalized within the neuroscientific field. In addition,…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Educational Research, Cognitive Processes
Chang, Sau Hou – Online Submission, 2017
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of test trial and processing level on immediate and delayed retention. A 2 × 2 × 2 mixed ANOVAs was used with two between-subject factors of test trial (single test, repeated test) and processing level (shallow, deep), and one within-subject factor of final recall (immediate,…
Descriptors: College Students, Retention (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Correlation
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Karanian, Jessica M.; Slotnick, Scott D. – Learning & Memory, 2017
Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence has shown that false memories arise from higher-level conscious processing regions rather than lower-level sensory processing regions. In the present study, we assessed whether the lateral occipital complex (LOC)--a lower-level conscious shape processing region--was associated with false…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Brain
Chang, Sau Hou – Online Submission, 2013
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of test trial and processing level on immediate and delayed retention. Seventy-six college students were randomly assigned first to the single test and the repeated test trials, and then to the shallow processing level and the deep processing level to study forty stimulus words.…
Descriptors: College Students, Retention (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Correlation
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Winne, Philip H. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: Deep versus surface knowledge is widely discussed by educational practitioners. A corresponding construct, levels of processing, has received extensive theoretical and empirical attention in learning science and psychology. In both arenas, lower levels of information and shallower levels of processing are predicted and generally…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Information Processing, Cognitive Processes, Independent Study
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Shao, Jing; Lau, Rebecca Yick Man; Tang, Phyllis Oi Ching; Zhang, Caicai – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Congenital amusia is an inborn neurogenetic disorder of fine-grained pitch processing. This study attempted to pinpoint the impairment mechanism of speech processing in tonal language speakers with amusia. We designed a series of perception tasks aiming at selectively probing low-level pitch processing and relatively high-level…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Tone Languages, Sino Tibetan Languages, Speech Impairments
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Ma, Dongmei; Yu, Xiaoru; Zhang, Haomin – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
The present study aimed to investigate second language (L2) word-level and sentence-level automatic processing among English as a foreign language students through a comparative analysis of students with different proficiency levels. As a multidimensional and dynamic construct, automaticity is conceptualized as processing speed, stability, and…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Psycholinguistics
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Roelle, Julian; Roelle, Detlev; Berthold, Kirsten – Journal of Experimental Education, 2019
Providing test questions after an initial study phase is a common instructional technique. In theory, questions that require higher-level (deep) processing should be more beneficial than those that require lower-level (shallow) processing. However, empirical evidence on the matter is inconsistent. To shed light on two potential reasons for these…
Descriptors: Testing Problems, Test Items, Cognitive Processes, Problem Based Learning
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Nawani, Jigna; Rixius, Julia; Neuhaus, Birgit J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Empirical analysis of secondary biology classrooms revealed that, on average, 68% of teaching time in Germany revolved around processing tasks. Quality of instruction can thus be assessed by analyzing the quality of tasks used in classroom discourse. This quasi-experimental study analyzed how teachers used tasks in 38 videotaped biology lessons…
Descriptors: Biology, Video Technology, Concept Mapping, Foreign Countries
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Lewton, Marcus; Ashwin, Chris; Brosnan, Mark – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Recent theories of autism have emphasised the cognitive strengths and weaknesses in those with autism, which are also seen to some degree in non-clinical samples with higher autistic-like traits. The dual process theory of autism proposes that people with autism and non-clinical people with a higher degree of autistic-like traits have a propensity…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Logical Thinking, Bias
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Rose, Nathan S.; Craik, Fergus I. M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
Recent theories suggest that performance on working memory (WM) tasks involves retrieval from long-term memory (LTM). To examine whether WM and LTM tests have common principles, Craik and Tulving's (1975) levels-of-processing paradigm, which is known to affect LTM, was administered as a WM task: Participants made uppercase, rhyme, or…
Descriptors: Evidence, Recall (Psychology), Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory
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Kim, Minkyung; Crossley, Scott A.; Skalicky, Stephen – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2018
This study examines whether lexical features and textual properties along with individual differences on the part of readers influence word processing times during second language (L2) reading comprehension. Forty-eight Spanish-speaking adolescent and adult learners of English read nine English passages in a self-paced word-by-word reading…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes
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Winne, Philip H.; Nesbit, John Cale; Ram, Ilana; Marzouk, Zahia; Vytasek, Jovita; Samadi, Donya; Stewart, Jason – AERA Online Paper Repository, 2017
When learners highlight or tag content, they metacognitively monitor information to select and mark it. From a levels-of-processing framework, standards used in metacognitive monitoring could affect learning. We examined effects on recall and transfer of different metacognitive standards -- free highlighting expressing a generic…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Study Skills, Documentation, Transfer of Training
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McCray, Gareth; Brunfaut, Tineke – Language Testing, 2018
This study investigates test-takers' processing while completing banked gap-fill tasks, designed to test reading proficiency, in order to test theoretically based expectations about the variation in cognitive processes of test-takers across levels of performance. Twenty-eight test-takers' eye traces on 24 banked gap-fill items (on six tasks) were…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Test Items, Item Analysis, Eye Movements
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Park, Sanghoon; Yun, Heoncheol – Distance Education, 2017
This study examines the relationships between students' academic levels, the use of motivational regulation strategies, and cognitive learning strategies. A total of 141 undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in online distance courses participated in the study. The findings show that students use different motivational regulation strategies…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, College Students, Online Courses, Distance Education
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