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Rotondo, Elena K.; Bieszczad, Kasia M. – Learning & Memory, 2020
Despite identical learning experiences, individuals differ in the memory formed of those experiences. Molecular mechanisms that control the neurophysiological bases of long-term memory formation might control how precisely the memory formed reflects the actually perceived experience. Memory formed with sensory specificity determines its utility…
Descriptors: Memory, Neurology, Physiology, Cognitive Processes
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Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Two experiments critically examined a predictive-coding based account of the vulnerability of short-term memory (STM) to auditory distraction, particularly the disruptive effect of changing-state sound on verbal serial recall. Experiment 1 showed that providing participants with the opportunity to predict the contents of an imminent spoken…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Short Term Memory, Prediction, Acoustics
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Carpenter, Alexis C.; Schacter, Daniel L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Episodic memory involves flexible retrieval processes that allow us to link together distinct episodes, make novel inferences across overlapping events, and recombine elements of past experiences when imagining future events. However, the same flexible retrieval and recombination processes that underpin these adaptive functions may also leave…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Inferences, Accuracy
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Rottman, Benjamin M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
When testing which of multiple causes (e.g., medicines) works best, the testing sequence has important implications for the validity of the final judgment. Trying each cause for a period of time before switching to the other is important if the causes have tolerance, sensitization, delay, or carryover (TSDC) effects. In contrast, if the outcome…
Descriptors: Correlation, Causal Models, Beliefs, Intervention
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Barker, Gareth Robert; Wong, Liang Fong; Uney, James B.; Warburton, Elizabeth C. – Learning & Memory, 2020
The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is known to be critical for specific forms of long-term recognition memory, however the cellular mechanisms in the mPFC that underpin memory maintenance have not been well characterized. This study examined the importance of phosphorylation of cAMP responsive element binding protein (CREB) in the mPFC for…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Long Term Memory, Recognition (Psychology), Spatial Ability
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Stamm, Andrew W.; Nguyen, Nam D.; Seicol, Benjamin J.; Fagan, Abigail; Oh, Angela; Drumm, Michael; Lundt, Maureen; Stickgold, Robert; Wamsley, Erin J. – Learning & Memory, 2014
Post-learning sleep is beneficial for human memory. However, it may be that not all memories benefit equally from sleep. Here, we manipulated a spatial learning task using monetary reward and performance feedback, asking whether enhancing the salience of the task would augment overnight memory consolidation and alter its incorporation into…
Descriptors: Sleep, Memory, Learning Processes, Spatial Ability
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Burns, Daniel J.; Burns, Sarah A.; Hwang, Ana J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2011
J. S. Nairne, S. R. Thompson, and J. N. S. Pandeirada (2007) suggested that our memory systems may have evolved to help us remember fitness-relevant information and showed that retention of words rated for their relevance to survival is superior to that of words encoded under other deep processing conditions. The authors present 4 experiments that…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Adjustment (to Environment), Recognition (Psychology)
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Hussey, Erika K.; Harbison, J. Isaiah; Teubner-Rhodes, Susan E.; Mishler, Alan; Velnoskey, Kayla; Novick, Jared M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Cognitive control refers to adjusting thoughts and actions when confronted with conflict during information processing. We tested whether this ability is causally linked to performance on certain language and memory tasks by using cognitive control training to systematically modulate people's ability to resolve information-conflict across domains.…
Descriptors: Memory, Improvement, Cognitive Processes, Language Processing
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Hernandez, John S.; Wainwright, Marcy L.; Mozzachiodi, Riccardo – Learning & Memory, 2017
In "Aplysia," long-term sensitization (LTS) occurs concurrently with a suppression of feeding. At the cellular level, the suppression of feeding is accompanied by decreased excitability of decision-making neuron B51. We examined the contribution of voltage-gated Na[superscript +] and K[superscript +] channels to B51 decreased…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Cytology
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Gobin, Christina; Wu, Lizhen; Schwendt, Marek – Learning & Memory, 2020
The delayed match-to-sample task (DMS) is used to probe working memory (WM) across species. While the involvement of the PFC in this task has been established, limited information exists regarding the recruitment of broader circuitry, especially under the low- versus high-WM load. We sought to address this question by using a variable-delay…
Descriptors: Animals, Short Term Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Training
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Wimber, Maria; Rutschmann, Roland Marcus; Greenlee, Mark W.; Bauml, Karl-Heinz – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2009
Selectively retrieving a target memory among related memories requires some degree of inhibitory control over interfering and competing memories, a process assumed to be supported by inhibitory mechanisms. Evidence from behavioral studies suggests that such inhibitory control can lead to subsequent forgetting of the interfering information, a…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Brain, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Tests
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Cowan, Nelson – Educational Psychology Review, 2014
Working memory is the retention of a small amount of information in a readily accessible form. It facilitates planning, comprehension, reasoning, and problem solving. I examine the historical roots and conceptual development of the concept and the theoretical and practical implications of current debates about working memory mechanisms. Then, I…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Cognitive Development, Learning Processes
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Oberauer, Klaus; Awh, Edward; Sutterer, David W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
We report 4 experiments examining whether associations in visual working memory are subject to proactive interference from long-term memory (LTM). Following a long-term learning phase in which participants learned the colors of 120 unique objects, a working memory (WM) test was administered in which participants recalled the precise colors of 3…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Interference (Learning)
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Cao, Rui; Nosofsky, Robert M.; Shiffrin, Richard M. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
In short-term-memory (STM)-search tasks, observers judge whether a test probe was present in a short list of study items. Here we investigated the long-term learning mechanisms that lead to the highly efficient STM-search performance observed under conditions of consistent-mapping (CM) training, in which targets and foils never switch roles across…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Item Response Theory, Learning Processes
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Schümann, Dirk; Sommer, Tobias – Learning & Memory, 2018
Emotional arousal enhances memory encoding and consolidation leading to better immediate and delayed memory. Although the central noradrenergic system and the amygdala play critical roles in both effects of emotional arousal, we have recently shown that these effects are at least partly independent of each other, suggesting distinct underlying…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Emotional Response, Arousal Patterns, Memory
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