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ERIC Number: ED576891
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Pages: 145
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3697-4944-1
Perception of the Effect of Leadership Styles on Organizational Commitment at Tribal Colleges and Universities
Mathern, Amber M.
ProQuest LLC, D.B.A. Dissertation, Anderson University
This study was conducted to determine if a relationship exists between the perceived leadership style of supervisors and the organizational commitment level of the subordinate employees within Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs). Additionally, the study examined whether a difference exists in the organizational commitment levels of TCU employees based on the different leadership styles (transactional and transformational). A total sample size of 262 employees from seven Tribal Colleges and Universities across the United States was used in the study. Each participant provided information via an online survey. The perceived leadership styles of supervisors across all levels in the TCUs were examined using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ 360 Form 5X Short) developed by Avolio and Bass (2004). Organizational commitment was measured through the TCM Employee Commitment Survey which is based on the Three-Component Model of Organizational Commitment from Meyer and Allen's (1991) Organizational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ). The results of the study indicate a statistically significant positive correlation between each of the perceived leadership styles of supervisors and normative and affective commitment of the TCU employees. However, in each case, only transformational leadership significantly predicts normative and affective organizational commitment when all three leadership variables (transformational, transactional, and Laissez-faire) are included in the model. The relationship of transformational leadership to normative and affective organizational commitment is positive. The results indicate a statistically significant negative correlation between the perceived leadership style of the supervisor and continuance commitment of the TCU employees with only transformational leadership significantly predicting continuance organizational commitment in the model. The relationship of transformational leadership to continuance organizational commitment is negative. Multiple regression analyses were also conducted to compare different demographics such as gender, race, and employee position in the TCU. The results of this investigation lead to the recommendation that Tribal College and University supervisors, administrators, and academic researchers should focus on transformational leadership techniques and the continuous sharing of the vision and mission of the respective TCU in order to help foster normative and affective organizational commitment in their employees. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire