ERIC Number: EJ923033
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Socioeconomic Status, a Forgotten Variable in Lateralization Development
Boles, David B.
Brain and Cognition, v76 n1 p52-57 Jun 2011
Socioeconomic status (SES), a variable combining income, education, and occupation, is correlated with a variety of social health outcomes including school dropout rates, early parenthood, delinquency, and mental illness. Several studies conducted in the 1970s and 1980s largely failed to report a relationship between SES and hemispheric asymmetry as measured by lateral differences in dichotic listening, tactile dot enumeration, and visual emotion and word recognition. However, none of the studies used asymmetry measures correcting for both ceiling and floor effects in accuracy, raising the question of whether lower and higher SES groups were comparable. Here the published data are reanalyzed using a laterality coefficient that corrects for such effects. The results are consistent across studies in revealing reduced lateralization in lower SES groups. Developmentally, this finding is consistent with either maturation delay or reduced functional specialization, or both. Suggestions are made for further research that include the use of behavioral asymmetry measures to screen tasks for structural and functional brain imaging.
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Dropout Rate, Mental Disorders, Neurology, Early Parenthood, Word Recognition, Specialization, Income, Educational Attainment, Correlation, Careers, Delinquency, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Visual Perception, Diagnostic Tests, Maturity (Individuals), Developmental Delays
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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