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ERIC Number: EJ980677
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0271-1214
Performance of African American Preschool Children from Low-Income Families on Expressive Language Measures
Qi, Cathy H.; Kaiser, Ann P.; Marley, Scott C.; Milan, Stephanie
Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, v32 n3 p175-184 Nov 2012
The purposes of the study were to determine (a) the ability of two spontaneous language measures, mean length of utterance in morphemes (MLU-m) and number of different words (NDW), to identify African American preschool children at low and high levels of language ability; (b) whether child chronological age was related to the performance of either group; and (c) the relationship between maternal education and the performance of children on MLU-m, NDW, and on the Expressive Communication (EC) subscale of the Preschool Language Scale-3. Analyses revealed that children with low language abilities performed lower on the language sampling measures than did those with high language abilities. Using MLU-m and NDW successfully classified 72.1% children with low language abilities and 75.4% children with high language abilities. Children's MLU-m and NDW were positively related with age. Children differed in their expressive language measures related to maternal education levels. (Contains 2 tables.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Preschool Language Scale