ERIC Number: EJ1099913
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
A Cross-National Validation of the Academic Expectations Stress Inventory with Chinese and Korean High School Students
Zhang, Xiaozhou; Tze, Virginia M. C.; Buhr, Erin; Klassen, Robert M.; Daniels, Lia M.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v34 n3 p289-295 Jun 2016
The current study provided evidence for the factor structure of the Academic Expectation Stress Inventory (AESI) in a sample of 213 Mainland Chinese and 184 South Korean high school students. We examined cross-national invariance of the AESI using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis across two Asian cultural samples. Results suggested a unidimension rather than two-factor structure (self and teachers/parents) in both settings. Results also showed evidence of reliability, convergent validity (significant correlations with depression, emotional exhaustion, and cynicism), and divergent validity (nonsignificant correlations with amotivation and efficacy reduction). ANCOVA results indicated that perceived overall academic expectation stress was significantly higher among Mainland Chinese students than for their South Korean counterparts. Furthermore, there were no differences between males and females for the Korean adolescents while females reported higher expectation scores than males in the Chinese adolescent sample.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Adolescents, Measures (Individuals), Evidence, Factor Structure, Factor Analysis, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Statistical Analysis, Expectation, Scores, Gender Differences, Comparative Education, Depression (Psychology), Self Evaluation (Individuals), Rating Scales, Questionnaires, Burnout, Student Surveys, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Discriminant Analysis, Correlation, Stress Variables, Psychometrics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; South Korea
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Maslach Burnout Inventory; Zung Self Rating Depression Scale