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Deane, Paul; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Chao, Szu-Fu; Dreier, Kelsey – Grantee Submission, 2018
The purpose of the report is to explore some of the mechanisms involved in the writing process. In particular, we examine students' process data (keystroke log analysis) to uncover how students approach a knowledge-telling task using 2 different task types. In the first task, students were asked to list as many words as possible related to a…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Prior Learning, Task Analysis, High School Students
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Truckenmiller, Adrea J.; Cho, Eunsoo; Troia, Gary A. – Grantee Submission, 2022
Although educators frequently use assessment to identify who needs supplemental instruction and if that instruction is working, there is a lack of research investigating assessment that informs what instruction students need. The purpose of the current study was to determine if a brief (approximately 20 min) task that reflects a common middle…
Descriptors: Middle School Teachers, Middle School Students, Test Validity, Writing (Composition)
Troia, Gary A.; Brehmer, Julie S.; Glause, Kaitlin; Reichmuth, Heather L.; Lawrence, Frank – Grantee Submission, 2020
Data were collected for this study early in the school year to analyze the direct and indirect effects of word-level literacy skills (word recognition, spelling, and written vocabulary use) and handwriting fluency on writing quality across three genres of typewritten papers. We further explored whether typing fluency and text generation fluency…
Descriptors: Literacy, Achievement Tests, English (Second Language), Writing Ability
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Lang, David; Stenhaug, Ben; Kizilcec, Rene – Grantee Submission, 2019
This research evaluates the psychometric properties of short-answer response items under a variety of grading rules in the context of a mobile learning platform in Africa. This work has three main findings. First, we introduce the concept of a differential device function (DDF), a type of differential item function that stems from the device a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Psychometrics, Test Items, Test Format
Allen, Laura K.; Mills, Caitlin; Jacovina, Matthew E.; Crossley, Scott; D'Mello, Sidney; McNamara, Danielle S. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Writing training systems have been developed to provide students with instruction and deliberate practice on their writing. Although generally successful in providing accurate scores, a common criticism of these systems is their lack of personalization and adaptive instruction. In particular, these systems tend to place the strongest emphasis on…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Psychological Patterns, Writing Instruction, Essays