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Ling, Guangming – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2017
To investigate whether the type of keyboard used in exams introduces any construct-irrelevant variance to the TOEFL iBT Writing scores, we surveyed 17,040 TOEFL iBT examinees from 24 countries on their keyboard-related perceptions and preferences and analyzed the survey responses together with their test scores. Results suggest that controlling…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Writing Tests
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Chukharev-Hudilainen, Evgeny; Saricaoglu, Aysel; Torrance, Mark; Feng, Hui-Hsien – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
Although fluency is an important subconstruct of language proficiency, it has not received as much attention in L2 writing research as complexity and accuracy have, in part due to the lack of methodological approaches for the analysis of large datasets of writing-process data. This article presents a method of time-aligned keystroke logging and…
Descriptors: Writing Research, Second Language Learning, Writing Processes, Language Proficiency
Kilickaya, Ferit – Online Submission, 2018
While new technological developments and devices have transformed writing in several ways, little research has examined how learners experience handwriting and typing assignments and writing responses in the examinations in such cases. Basing the data source on in-depth interviews, the current study aims to examine Turkish university language…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Assignments, Grammar, College Students