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ERIC Number: EJ802579
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jul
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
A Mental Practice Superiority Effect: Less Retroactive Interference and More Transfer than Physical Practice
Wohldmann, Erica L.; Healy, Alice F.; Bourne, Lyle E., Jr.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n4 p823-833 Jul 2008
Two experiments explored the benefits to retention and transfer conferred by mental practice. During familiarization, participants typed 4-digit numbers and took an immediate typing test on both old and new numbers. Participants then typed old 4-digit numbers, either physically or mentally, with either a different response configuration or the opposite hand from that used during familiarization. On a delayed test, participants physically typed both old and new numbers with the same response configuration and hand used during familiarization. Mental practice led to less retroactive interference and more transfer than did physical practice, supporting the hypothesis that mental practice strengthens an abstract representation that does not involve specific effectors. (Contains 2 figures, 1 footnote and 6 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Colorado