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Guo, Hongwen; Zhang, Mo; Deane, Paul; Bennett, Randy E. – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2019
We used an unobtrusive approach, keystroke logging, to examine students' cognitive states during essay writing. Based on data contained in the logs, we classified writing process data into three states: text production, long pause, and editing. We used semi-Markov processes to model the sequences of writing states and compared the state transition…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Cognitive Processes, Essays, Keyboarding (Data Entry)
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Guo, Hongwen; Zhang, Mo; Deane, Paul; Bennett, Randy E. – Journal of Educational Data Mining, 2020
This study investigates the effects of a scenario-based assessment design on students' writing processes. An experimental data set consisting of four design conditions was used in which the number of scenarios (one or two) and the placement of the essay task with respect to the lead-in tasks (first vs. last) were varied. Students' writing…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Vignettes, Writing Processes, Learning Analytics
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Tate, Tamara P.; Warschauer, Mark – Technology, Knowledge and Learning, 2019
The quality of students' writing skills continues to concern educators. Because writing is essential to success in both college and career, poor writing can have lifelong consequences. Writing is now primarily done digitally, but students receive limited explicit instruction in digital writing. This lack of instruction means that students fail to…
Descriptors: Writing Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, Writing Skills, Writing Processes
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Deane, Paul; Zhang, Mo – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
In this report, we examine the feasibility of characterizing writing performance using process features derived from a keystroke log. Using data derived from a set of "CBAL"™ writing assessments, we examine the following research questions: (a) How stable are the keystroke timing and process features across testing occasions?; (b) How…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Feasibility Studies, Research Reports, Writing Achievement
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Ling, Guangming – International Journal of Testing, 2016
To investigate possible iPad related mode effect, we tested 403 8th graders in Indiana, Maryland, and New Jersey under three mode conditions through random assignment: a desktop computer, an iPad alone, and an iPad with an external keyboard. All students had used an iPad or computer for six months or longer. The 2-hour test included reading, math,…
Descriptors: Educational Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Handheld Devices, Computers