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Feng, Luxi; Lindner, Amanda; Ji, Xuejun Ryan; Malatesha Joshi, R. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
According to the simple view of writing (Berninger, Abbott, Abbott, Graham, & Richards, 2002), the two important components of transcription in writing are handwriting and keyboarding, the third one being spelling. The purpose of this paper is to review the contribution of two writing modes--handwriting and keyboarding to writing performance.…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Correlation, Writing Skills
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Donica, Denise K.; Giroux, Peter; Faust, Amber – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Using computers and keyboarding skills for written communication have been common adaptations recommended by occupational therapists which are now important for all students. We used a quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test design to examine the effectiveness of a developmentally based curriculum, Keyboarding Without Tears®, as compared to free…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Elementary School Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Skill Development
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Beers, Scott F.; Berninger, Virginia; Mickail, Terry; Abbott, Robert – Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2018
Participants in this study completed an online experiment in which they wrote essays by stylus or keyboard. Three translation measures (length of language burst, length of pauses, and rate of pausing) and four transcription measures (total words, total time, words/minute, and percent spelling errors) for composition were analyzed for two research…
Descriptors: Educational Experiments, Comparative Analysis, Writing Processes, Essays
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Guo, Hongwen; Deane, Paul D.; van Rijn, Peter W.; Zhang, Mo; Bennett, Randy E. – Journal of Educational Measurement, 2018
The goal of this study is to model pauses extracted from writing keystroke logs as a way of characterizing the processes students use in essay composition. Low-level timing data were modeled, the interkey interval and its subtype, the intraword duration, thought to reflect processes associated with keyboarding skills and composition fluency.…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Writing (Composition), Essays, Models
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Deane, Paul; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Chao, Szu-Fu; Dreier, Kelsey – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
The purpose of the report is to explore some of the mechanisms involved in the writing process. In particular, we examine students' process data (keystroke log analysis) to uncover how students approach a knowledge-telling task using 2 different task types. In the first task, students were asked to list as many words as possible related to a…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Responses, Prior Learning, Task Analysis
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Deane, Paul; O'Reilly, Tenaha; Chao, Szu-Fu; Dreier, Kelsey – Grantee Submission, 2018
The purpose of the report is to explore some of the mechanisms involved in the writing process. In particular, we examine students' process data (keystroke log analysis) to uncover how students approach a knowledge-telling task using 2 different task types. In the first task, students were asked to list as many words as possible related to a…
Descriptors: Writing Processes, Prior Learning, Task Analysis, High School Students
Young, Jay Richards – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study examined the potential use of keystroke dynamics to create keyprints (typing fingerprints) to authenticate individuals in online assessment situations. The implications of this study are best understood in terms of the keystroke behavioral biometric. While previous studies considered the degree to which keystroke typing patterns are…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Identification, Measurement Techniques, Computer Assisted Testing
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Ullah, Abrar; Xiao, Hannan; Barker, Trevor – Education and Information Technologies, 2019
Online examinations are an integral component of online learning environments and research studies have identified academic dishonesty as a critical threat to the credibility of such examinations. Academic dishonesty exists in many forms. Collusion is seen as a major security threat, wherein a student invites a third party for help or to…
Descriptors: Usability, Information Security, Computer Assisted Testing, Online Courses
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Bälter, Olle; Zimmaro, Dawn – Interactive Learning Environments, 2018
It is challenging for students to plan their work sessions in online environments, as it is very difficult to make estimates on how much material there is to cover. In order to simplify this estimation, we have extended the Keystroke-level analysis model with individual reading speed of text, figures, and questions. This was used to estimate how…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Data Analysis, Time Management, Online Courses
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Kapperman, Gaylen; Koster, Elizabeth; Burman, Rachel – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2018
In this article, the authors contend that the effectiveness in studying foreign languages by students who are blind can be greatly increased with the use of a properly configured screen reader, Job Access With Speech (JAWS), and a braille display. They assert foreign language instruction should not be limited to auditory input from an instructor…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Blindness, Braille, Educational Technology
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de Smet, Milou J. R.; Leijten, Mariëlle; Van Waes, Luuk – Written Communication, 2018
This study aims to explore the process of reading during writing. More specifically, it investigates whether a combination of keystroke logging data and eye tracking data yields a better understanding of cognitive processes underlying fluent and nonfluent text production. First, a technical procedure describes how writing process data from the…
Descriptors: College Students, Reading Processes, Writing Processes, Eye Movements
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Rønneberg, Vibeke; Torrance, Mark – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
Spelling accuracy and time course was investigated in a sample of 100 Norwegian 6th grade students completing a standardized spelling-to-dictation task. Students responded by keyboard with accurate recordings of response-onset latency (RT) and inter-keypress interval (IKI). We determined effects of a number of child-level cognitive ability…
Descriptors: Spelling, Grade 6, Nonverbal Ability, Short Term Memory
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Dadey, Nathan; Lyons, Susan; DePascale, Charles – Applied Measurement in Education, 2018
Evidence of comparability is generally needed whenever there are variations in the conditions of an assessment administration, including variations introduced by the administration of an assessment on multiple digital devices (e.g., tablet, laptop, desktop). This article is meant to provide a comprehensive examination of issues relevant to the…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Computer Assisted Testing, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education