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Feng, Luxi; Lindner, Amanda; Ji, Xuejun Ryan; Malatesha Joshi, R. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
According to the simple view of writing (Berninger, Abbott, Abbott, Graham, & Richards, 2002), the two important components of transcription in writing are handwriting and keyboarding, the third one being spelling. The purpose of this paper is to review the contribution of two writing modes--handwriting and keyboarding to writing performance.…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Correlation, Writing Skills
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Donica, Denise K.; Giroux, Peter; Faust, Amber – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Using computers and keyboarding skills for written communication have been common adaptations recommended by occupational therapists which are now important for all students. We used a quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test design to examine the effectiveness of a developmentally based curriculum, Keyboarding Without Tears®, as compared to free…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Elementary School Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Skill Development
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Rosenberg-Adler, Tali; Weintraub, Naomi – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2020
Word processing is often considered an alternative writing mode or test accommodation for students with specific learning disorders who have handwriting difficulties (HD). Therefore, it is important for researchers and educators to understand the difficulties these students may encounter while using this technology. We examined the frequency of…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Writing Difficulties, Incidence, Student Characteristics
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Jiménez, Juan E.; Marco, Isaac; Suárez, Natalia; González, Desirée – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study had two purposes: examining the internal structure of the "Test Estandarizado para la Evaluación Inicial de la Escritura con Teclado" (TEVET; Spanish Keyboarding Writing Test), and analyzing the development of keyboarding skills in Spanish elementary school children with and without learning disabilities (LD) in writing. A…
Descriptors: Spanish, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Language Testing, 2014
A major concern with computer-based (CB) tests of second-language (L2) writing is that performance on such tests may be influenced by test-taker keyboarding skills. Poor keyboarding skills may force test-takers to focus their attention and cognitive resources on motor activities (i.e., keyboarding) and, consequently, other processes and aspects of…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Barkaoui, Khaled – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
This study aimed to describe the writing activities that test takers engage in when responding to the writing tasks in the "TOEFL iBT"[superscript R] test and to examine the effects of task type and test-taker English language proficiency (ELP) and keyboarding skills on the frequency and distribution of these activities. Each of 22 test…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Writing Instruction
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Ashburner, Jill; Ziviani, Jenny; Pennington, Ana – Australasian Journal of Special Education, 2012
This study explored the utility of using keyboarding as an alternative to handwriting for students with ASD who experience handwriting difficulties. Participants included 22 students with ASD (M age = 10.83 plus or minus 1.4 years) who had been using portable word processors in mainstream classrooms for at least 6 months to circumvent handwriting…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Autism, Questionnaires, Statistical Significance
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Peake, Christian; Diaz, Alicia; Artiles, Ceferino – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the relationship and degree of predictability that the fluency of writing the alphabet from memory and the selection of allographs have on measures of fluency and accuracy of spelling in a free-writing sentence task when keyboarding. The "Test Estandarizado para la Evaluación de la Escritura con Teclado"…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Alphabets, Spelling, Sentences
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Kim, Ahyoung Alicia; Lee, Shinhye; Chapman, Mark; Wilmes, Carsten – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2019
This study aimed to investigate how Grade 1-2 English language learners (ELLs) differ in their performance on a writing test in two test modes: paper and online. Participants were 139 ELLs in the United States. They completed three writing tasks, representing three test modes: (1) a paper in which students completed their writing using a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Stevenson, Nancy C.; Just, Carol – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2014
Legible written communication is essential for students to share knowledge (Rogers and Case-Smith 2002). If students lack proficiency in written communication, their composition skills will suffer, which can affect their self-esteem and grades. Whether or not this proficiency is in handwriting or keyboarding is a question worthy of discussion. In…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills, Psychomotor Skills
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Alves, Rui A.; Limpo, Teresa; Fidalgo, Raquel; Carvalhais, Lénia; Pereira, Luísa Álvares; Castro, São Luís – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Writing development seems heavily dependent upon the automatization of transcription. This study aimed to further investigate the link between transcription and writing by examining the effects of promoting handwriting and spelling skills on a comprehensive set of writing measures (viz., bursts and pauses, levels of written language, and writing…
Descriptors: Transcripts (Written Records), Writing (Composition), Writing Processes, Writing Instruction
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Beers, Scott F.; Berninger, Virginia; Mickail, Terry; Abbott, Robert – Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2018
Participants in this study completed an online experiment in which they wrote essays by stylus or keyboard. Three translation measures (length of language burst, length of pauses, and rate of pausing) and four transcription measures (total words, total time, words/minute, and percent spelling errors) for composition were analyzed for two research…
Descriptors: Educational Experiments, Comparative Analysis, Writing Processes, Essays
Fan, Yueyue – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Despite the established importance of writing, many students have difficulty writing proficiently (Ann Rogers & Graham, 2008; Graham & Perin, 2007). This study was designed to assess whether the provision of argumentative writing goals focusing on revision affected the quality of college students' first drafts and revised essays. In…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Persuasive Discourse, Writing (Composition), Revision (Written Composition)
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study contributes to the literature on second language (L2) learners' revision behavior by describing what, when, and how often L2 learners revise their texts when responding to timed writing tasks on the computer and by examining the effects of task type, L2 proficiency, and keyboarding skills on what and when L2 learners revise. Each of 54…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Keyboarding (Data Entry)
Parker, Carol A. – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in the writing assessment scores for each of the four traits--development, focus and organization, language, and conventions--as measured by the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program (TCAP) of students who had a formal keyboarding course compared to those who did not. A…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Skill Development, Writing Evaluation, Scores
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