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Wu, Zhenhua; Chiang, Feng-Kuang – Interactive Learning Environments, 2022
Recent years, dramatic changes in the mode of writing have occurred. Computers and other digital devices are increasingly replacing writing by hand. The sensory-motor experiences of typing (e.g. visual, haptic, motor) are different from those used in handwriting. Therefore, the influence and effect of keyboarding on linguistic performance,…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development
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Feng, Luxi; Lindner, Amanda; Ji, Xuejun Ryan; Malatesha Joshi, R. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
According to the simple view of writing (Berninger, Abbott, Abbott, Graham, & Richards, 2002), the two important components of transcription in writing are handwriting and keyboarding, the third one being spelling. The purpose of this paper is to review the contribution of two writing modes--handwriting and keyboarding to writing performance.…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Correlation, Writing Skills
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Rosenberg-Adler, Tali; Weintraub, Naomi – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2020
Word processing is often considered an alternative writing mode or test accommodation for students with specific learning disorders who have handwriting difficulties (HD). Therefore, it is important for researchers and educators to understand the difficulties these students may encounter while using this technology. We examined the frequency of…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Writing Difficulties, Incidence, Student Characteristics
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Donica, Denise K.; Giroux, Peter; Faust, Amber – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2018
Using computers and keyboarding skills for written communication have been common adaptations recommended by occupational therapists which are now important for all students. We used a quasi-experimental, pre-test/post-test design to examine the effectiveness of a developmentally based curriculum, Keyboarding Without Tears®, as compared to free…
Descriptors: Keyboarding (Data Entry), Elementary School Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Skill Development
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Spilling, Eivor Finset; Rønneberg, Vibeke; Rogne, Wenke Mork; Roeser, Jens; Torrance, Mark – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2022
To date, there is no clear evidence to support choosing handwriting over keyboarding or vice versa as the modality children should use when they first learn to write. 102 Norwegian first-grade children from classrooms that used both electronic touchscreen keyboard on a digital tablet and pencil-and-paper for writing instruction wrote narratives in…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Beginning Writing, Story Telling
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Aydemir, Zeynep – International Journal of Progressive Education, 2022
The aim of this study is to determine the metaphor perceptions of Generation Z teacher candidates towards handwriting and typing. Based on the metaphors obtained, elective courses related to handwriting may be included in undergraduate programs according to their point of view on handwriting. Many researches are carried out on the area created by…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Student Attitudes, Age Groups, Preservice Teachers
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Jiménez, Juan E.; Marco, Isaac; Suárez, Natalia; González, Desirée – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study had two purposes: examining the internal structure of the "Test Estandarizado para la Evaluación Inicial de la Escritura con Teclado" (TEVET; Spanish Keyboarding Writing Test), and analyzing the development of keyboarding skills in Spanish elementary school children with and without learning disabilities (LD) in writing. A…
Descriptors: Spanish, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students
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Peake, Christian; Diaz, Alicia; Artiles, Ceferino – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the relationship and degree of predictability that the fluency of writing the alphabet from memory and the selection of allographs have on measures of fluency and accuracy of spelling in a free-writing sentence task when keyboarding. The "Test Estandarizado para la Evaluación de la Escritura con Teclado"…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Alphabets, Spelling, Sentences
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Language Testing, 2014
A major concern with computer-based (CB) tests of second-language (L2) writing is that performance on such tests may be influenced by test-taker keyboarding skills. Poor keyboarding skills may force test-takers to focus their attention and cognitive resources on motor activities (i.e., keyboarding) and, consequently, other processes and aspects of…
Descriptors: Language Tests, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Kim, Ahyoung Alicia; Lee, Shinhye; Chapman, Mark; Wilmes, Carsten – TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, 2019
This study aimed to investigate how Grade 1-2 English language learners (ELLs) differ in their performance on a writing test in two test modes: paper and online. Participants were 139 ELLs in the United States. They completed three writing tasks, representing three test modes: (1) a paper in which students completed their writing using a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
Fan, Yueyue – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Despite the established importance of writing, many students have difficulty writing proficiently (Ann Rogers & Graham, 2008; Graham & Perin, 2007). This study was designed to assess whether the provision of argumentative writing goals focusing on revision affected the quality of college students' first drafts and revised essays. In…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Persuasive Discourse, Writing (Composition), Revision (Written Composition)
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Alves, Rui A.; Limpo, Teresa; Fidalgo, Raquel; Carvalhais, Lénia; Pereira, Luísa Álvares; Castro, São Luís – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Writing development seems heavily dependent upon the automatization of transcription. This study aimed to further investigate the link between transcription and writing by examining the effects of promoting handwriting and spelling skills on a comprehensive set of writing measures (viz., bursts and pauses, levels of written language, and writing…
Descriptors: Transcripts (Written Records), Writing (Composition), Writing Processes, Writing Instruction
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Barkaoui, Khaled – ETS Research Report Series, 2015
This study aimed to describe the writing activities that test takers engage in when responding to the writing tasks in the "TOEFL iBT"[superscript R] test and to examine the effects of task type and test-taker English language proficiency (ELP) and keyboarding skills on the frequency and distribution of these activities. Each of 22 test…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Writing Instruction
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Stevenson, Nancy C.; Just, Carol – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2014
Legible written communication is essential for students to share knowledge (Rogers and Case-Smith 2002). If students lack proficiency in written communication, their composition skills will suffer, which can affect their self-esteem and grades. Whether or not this proficiency is in handwriting or keyboarding is a question worthy of discussion. In…
Descriptors: Handwriting, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills, Psychomotor Skills
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Barkaoui, Khaled – Modern Language Journal, 2016
This study contributes to the literature on second language (L2) learners' revision behavior by describing what, when, and how often L2 learners revise their texts when responding to timed writing tasks on the computer and by examining the effects of task type, L2 proficiency, and keyboarding skills on what and when L2 learners revise. Each of 54…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Language Proficiency, Keyboarding (Data Entry)
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