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ERIC Number: EJ1011132
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1525-0008
Affective and Behavioral Features of Jealousy Protest: Associations with Child Temperament, Maternal Interaction Style, and Attachment
Hart, Sybil L.; Behrens, Kazuko Y.
Infancy, v18 n3 p369-399 May-Jun 2013
This study explored variation in affective and behavioral components of infants' jealousy protests during an eliciting condition in which mother and an experimenter directed differential attention exclusively toward a rival. Variation was examined in relation to child temperamental emotionality, maternal interaction style, and attachment security. At 45 weeks, intensity of infants' "distress" and durations of mother- and stranger-directed behavioral responses, including "gaze," "touch," and "proximity-seeking," were observed in the eliciting condition. We also assessed infants' "positive emotionality" ("PE") and "negative emotionality" ("NE") and maternal interaction styles of "sensitivity" and "engagement." At 54 weeks, attachment security was measured in the Strange Situation Procedure. Findings revealed that "distress" differed with temperamental emotionality and maternal interaction style. Specifically, "distress" was greater in infants with lower "PE" and having mothers who displayed less "sensitivity" and "engagement". Analyses on behavioral responses toward the experimenter revealed linkages with maternal interaction style. Specifically, experimenter-directed "gaze" and "touch" were greater among infants of mothers who demonstrated less "sensitivity" and "engagement". Behavioral responses toward mother were found associated with quality of attachment. Specifically, mother-directed "proximity" and "touch" were highest among infants later judged insecure resistant and lowest among those later judged insecure/avoidant; with infants later judged secure displaying moderate durations of mother-directed proximal contact. (Contains 5 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale