ERIC Number: EJ1153988
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Examining the Reinforcing Value of Stimuli within Social and Non-Social Contexts in Children with and without High-Functioning Autism
Goldberg, Melissa C.; Allman, Melissa J.; Hagopian, Louis P.; Triggs, Mandy M.; Frank-Crawford, Michelle A.; Mostofsky, Stewart H.; Denckla, Martha B.; DeLeon, Iser G.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v21 n7 p881-895 Oct 2017
One of the key diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder includes impairments in social interactions. This study compared the extent to which boys with high-functioning autism and typically developing boys "value" engaging in activities with a parent or alone. Two different assessments that can empirically determine the relative reinforcing value of social and non-social stimuli were employed: paired-choice preference assessments and progressive-ratio schedules. There were no significant differences between boys with high-functioning autism and typically developing boys on either measure. Moreover, there was a strong correspondence in performance across these two measures for participants in each group. These results suggest that the relative reinforcing value of engaging in activities with a primary caregiver is not diminished for children with autism spectrum disorder.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stimuli, Social Environment, Context Effect, Children, Males, Comparative Analysis, Preferences, Correlation, Reinforcement, Caregiver Child Relationship, Interviews, Mothers, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Interpersonal Competence, Interaction, Communication Skills, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS/NIH); National Center for Research Resources (NIH/DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule
Grant or Contract Numbers: R21MH077651|UL1RR025005