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Mota, Natália Bezerra; Weissheimer, Janaína; Madruga, Beatriz; Adamy, Nery; Bunge, Silvia A.; Copelli, Mauro; Ribeiro, Sidarta – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2016
To explore the relationship between memory and early school performance, we used graph theory to investigate memory reports from 76 children aged 6-8 years. The reports comprised autobiographical memories of events days to years past, and memories of novel images reported immediately after encoding. We also measured intelligence quotient (IQ) and…
Descriptors: Memory, Reading Ability, Young Children, Intelligence Quotient
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Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn; Fletcher, Jack M.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Three cohorts of third-grade students (N = 813) were evaluated on achievement, cognitive abilities, and behavioral attention according to contrasting research traditions in defining math learning disability (LD) status: low achievement versus extremely low achievement and IQ-achievement discrepant versus strictly low-achieving LD. We use methods…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Disabilities
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Ceci, Stephen J.; Williams, Wendy M. – Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, 2016
Clark et al. focus on the likely drivers of the Flynn effect (sociocultural, educational, technological), and imply that it is not a single causal agent driving the upward climb in IQ scores but perhaps multiple causes with different onsets. Given, the authors' conception of intelligence in terms of underlying attentional and cognitive resources…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Change, Generational Differences, Qualitative Research
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Chiang, Hsu-Min; Tsai, Luke Y.; Cheung, Ying Kuen; Brown, Alice; Li, Huacheng – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
A meta-analysis was performed to examine differences in IQ profiles between individuals with Asperger's disorder (AspD) and high-functioning autism (HFA). Fifty-two studies were included for this study. The results showed that (a) individuals with AspD had significantly higher full-scale IQ, verbal IQ (VIQ), and performance IQ (PIQ) than did…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Intelligence Quotient, Profiles, Asperger Syndrome
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Ryan, Ann Marie – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2019
In the early twentieth century in the United States, Roman Catholic schools grew in number and became increasingly regulated by state departments of education. This led to the increased influence of public school reform movements in Catholic schools. Some Catholic educators questioned these movements, while others embraced them. Educational…
Descriptors: Catholics, Women Faculty, Catholic Educators, Beliefs
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Jamieson, Daniel; Mason, Jonathan – Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2019
People with an Intellectual Disability (ID) are around 4 times more likely to suffer with a mental health disorder than IQ-typical people, however previous studies have shown they may be less likely to be diagnosed. One suggested cause of this is the diagnostic overshadowing bias: the tendency for practitioners to attribute unusual behaviour,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intellectual Disability, Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Månsson, Johanna; Stjernqvist, Karin; Serenius, Fredrik; Ådén, Ulrika; Källén, Karin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
The study aim was to explore the relationship between a developmental assessment at preschool age and an intelligence quotient (IQ) assessment at school age. One hundred sixty-two children were assessed at 2.5 years with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development--Third Edition (Bayley-III) and then at 6.5 years with the Wechsler…
Descriptors: Child Development, Infants, Intelligence Tests, Correlation
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Engelhardt, Laura E.; Church, Jessica A.; Paige Harden, K.; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Behavioral and molecular genetic research has established that child cognitive ability and academic performance are substantially heritable, but genetic variation does not account for all of the stratification of cognitive and academic outcomes across families. Which specific contexts and experiences contribute to these "shared…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement, Twins, Genetics
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van Bergen, Elsje; de Jong, Peter F.; Maassen, Ben; Krikhaar, Evelien; Plakas, Anna; van der Leij, Aryan – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014
Do children who go on to develop dyslexia show normal verbal and nonverbal development before reading onset? According to the aptitude-achievement discrepancy model, dyslexia is defined as a discrepancy between intelligence and reading achievement. One of the underlying assumptions is that the general cognitive development of children who fail to…
Descriptors: Children, Intelligence Quotient, Dyslexia, Young Children
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Hassler Hallstedt, Martin; Klingberg, Torkel; Ghaderi, Ata – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Using a randomized placebo controlled design, we examined the direct and follow-up effects (at 6 and 12 months) of a mathematics tablet intervention. Math training focused primarily on basic arithmetic (addition and subtraction facts up to 12), and secondarily on number knowledge and word problems. We investigated the moderating effects of IQ and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Elementary School Mathematics, Arithmetic
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Lowenthal, Patrick R.; Dunlap, Joanna C. – E-Learning and Digital Media, 2014
To improve Community of Inquiry research, a group of researchers created the Community of Inquiry Questionnaire (CoIQ). While the development of the CoIQ is a step in the right direction, this instrument does not align as well as it could with previous research on each of the individual "presences" (i.e., cognitive presence, teaching…
Descriptors: Communities of Practice, Inquiry, Questionnaires, Research Problems
Allen, Jennifer – Institute of Education - London, 2014
This study examined two main questions: (1) Is there a direct link between psychopathic traits and intelligence? (2) Is the combination of psychopathic traits and high IQ related to more severe antisocial behaviour in adolescents?
Descriptors: Correlation, Antisocial Behavior, Psychopathology, Personality Traits
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Clark, Cameron M.; Lawlor-Savage, Linette; Goghari, Vina M. – Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, 2016
Average intelligence quotient (IQ) scores have been rising throughout the 20th century and likely before--a pattern now known as the Flynn effect. The central thesis of this paper is that the Flynn effect does not represent genuine increases in general intelligence but rather an increasing aptitude for the types of modern thinking that modern life…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Aptitude, Change
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Lugo Marín, Jorge; Rodríguez-Franco, Montserrat Alviani; Mahtani Chugani, Vinita; Magán Maganto, María; Díez Villoria, Emiliano; Canal Bedia, Ricardo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since their separation as independent diagnostics, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) have been conceptualized as mutually exclusive disorders. Similarities between both disorders can lead to misdiagnosis, especially when it comes to average-IQ adults who were not identified during childhood. The aim of this…
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychosis
Alexander, Ryan M. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Intelligence tests and adaptive behavior scales measure vital aspects of the multidimensional nature of human functioning. Assessment of each is a required component in the diagnosis or identification of intellectual disability, and both are frequently used conjointly in the assessment and identification of other developmental disabilities. The…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities, Correlation
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