ERIC Number: EJ1062567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Effectiveness of Community-Based Early Intervention Based on Pivotal Response Treatment
Smith, Isabel M.; Flanagan, Helen E.; Garon, Nancy; Bryson, Susan E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v45 n6 p1858-1872 Jun 2015
Preschoolers (n = 118) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) participated in this prospective effectiveness study of an early intervention program. Treatment entailed parent training and therapist-implemented components, incorporating Pivotal Response Treatment and Positive Behaviour Support. Standardized ability and behavioural measures were gathered prior to and following the 1-year intervention. Analyses were conducted for three groups based on baseline IQ: Higher IQ (=70; n = 36), Moderately Low IQ (40-69; n = 40), and Very Low IQ (<40, n = 42). Observed gains in key language and cognitive outcomes were significant for all groups. Baseline cognitive scores significantly predicted 1-year outcomes. Results are encouraging for this relatively low-intensity community-based intervention program.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Program Effectiveness, Intelligence Quotient, Outcomes of Treatment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A