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ERIC Number: EJ760226
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: Author
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Ecological Unequal Exchange: International Trade and Uneven Utilization of Environmental Space in the World System
Rice, James
Social Forces, v85 n3 p1369-1392 Mar 2007
We evaluate the argument that international trade influences disproportionate cross-national utilization of global renewable natural resources. Such uneven dynamics are relevant to the consideration of inequitable appropriation of environmental space in particular and processes of ecological unequal exchange more generally. Using OLS regression with slope dummy interaction terms, we analyze the effects of trade upon environmental consumption, as measured by per capita ecological footprint demand for 2002, delineated by country income level. Based on data for 137 countries, analyses reveal low- and lower middle-income countries characterized by a greater proportion of exports to the core industrialized countries exhibit lower environmental consumption. The results contradict neoclassical economic thought. We find trade shapes uneven utilization of global environmental space by constraining consumption in low and lower middle-income countries. The following are appended: (1) Countries by Income Level and Ecological Footprint Per Capita 2002 (N = 137); and (2) Correlation Matrix and Descriptive Statistics. (Contains 1 table, 2 figures and 11 notes.)
University of North Carolina Press. 116 South Boundary Street, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288. Tel: 800-848-6224; Tel: 919-966-7449; Fax: 919-962-2704; e-mail: uncpress@unc.edu; Web site: http://uncpress.unc.edu/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A