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ERIC Number: EJ867987
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0039-3541
Distance Art Education: The Federal School and Social Engineering in the United States, 1900 to 1925
Funk, Clayton
Studies in Art Education: A Journal of Issues and Research in Art Education, v50 n2 p124-136 2009
The Federal School was a correspondence art school in Minneapolis, Minnesota in the early 20th century. At that time, scientific methods changed the organization and practice of commercial art training and industrial education, which included correspondence courses from the Federal School. Standards of intelligence were determined with intelligence testing, and students were tracked into vocational or professional programs depending on their scores. The Federal School contradicted itself as it promoted stereotypes in which intelligence correlated to race, ethnicity, and sex roles. The same stereotypes appeared in the curricula of the Federal School, making it a part of the larger configuration of education and mass media that socially engineered cultural production. (Contains 9 footnotes.)
National Art Education Association. 1916 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 703-860-8000; Fax: 703-860-2960; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota